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参考 ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py

備考

このファイルはhttps://github.com/ultralytics/ultralytics/blob/main/ ultralytics/models/utils/loss .py にあります。もし問題を発見したら、Pull Request🛠️ を投稿して修正にご協力ください。ありがとうございました!



ultralytics.models.utils.loss.DETRLoss

ベース: Module

DETR(DEtection TRansformer)損失クラス。このクラスは を計算して返します。分類損失、バウンディングボックス損失、GIoU損失、そしてオプションで補助的な損失を計算します。 損失を計算します。

属性:

名称 タイプ 説明
nc int

クラスの数。

loss_gain dict

異なる損失成分の係数。

aux_loss bool

補助損失を計算するかどうか。

use_fl bool

FocalLossを使うか使わないか。

use_vfl bool

VarifocalLossを使うかどうか。

use_uni_match bool

補助ブランチのラベル割り当てに固定レイヤーを使用するかどうか。

uni_match_ind int

以下の場合に使用するレイヤーの固定インデックス。 use_uni_match は真である。

matcher HungarianMatcher

マッチングコストとインデックスを計算するオブジェクト。

fl FocalLoss or None

フォーカルロスの対象 use_fl がTrueの場合はNone。

vfl VarifocalLoss or None

バリフォーカル・ロスの対象 use_vfl がTrueの場合はNone。

device device

テンソルを保存するデバイス。

ソースコード ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
class DETRLoss(nn.Module):
    """
    DETR (DEtection TRansformer) Loss class. This class calculates and returns the different loss components for the
    DETR object detection model. It computes classification loss, bounding box loss, GIoU loss, and optionally auxiliary
    losses.

    Attributes:
        nc (int): The number of classes.
        loss_gain (dict): Coefficients for different loss components.
        aux_loss (bool): Whether to compute auxiliary losses.
        use_fl (bool): Use FocalLoss or not.
        use_vfl (bool): Use VarifocalLoss or not.
        use_uni_match (bool): Whether to use a fixed layer to assign labels for the auxiliary branch.
        uni_match_ind (int): The fixed indices of a layer to use if `use_uni_match` is True.
        matcher (HungarianMatcher): Object to compute matching cost and indices.
        fl (FocalLoss or None): Focal Loss object if `use_fl` is True, otherwise None.
        vfl (VarifocalLoss or None): Varifocal Loss object if `use_vfl` is True, otherwise None.
        device (torch.device): Device on which tensors are stored.
    """

    def __init__(
        self, nc=80, loss_gain=None, aux_loss=True, use_fl=True, use_vfl=False, use_uni_match=False, uni_match_ind=0
    ):
        """
        DETR loss function.

        Args:
            nc (int): The number of classes.
            loss_gain (dict): The coefficient of loss.
            aux_loss (bool): If 'aux_loss = True', loss at each decoder layer are to be used.
            use_vfl (bool): Use VarifocalLoss or not.
            use_uni_match (bool): Whether to use a fixed layer to assign labels for auxiliary branch.
            uni_match_ind (int): The fixed indices of a layer.
        """
        super().__init__()

        if loss_gain is None:
            loss_gain = {"class": 1, "bbox": 5, "giou": 2, "no_object": 0.1, "mask": 1, "dice": 1}
        self.nc = nc
        self.matcher = HungarianMatcher(cost_gain={"class": 2, "bbox": 5, "giou": 2})
        self.loss_gain = loss_gain
        self.aux_loss = aux_loss
        self.fl = FocalLoss() if use_fl else None
        self.vfl = VarifocalLoss() if use_vfl else None

        self.use_uni_match = use_uni_match
        self.uni_match_ind = uni_match_ind
        self.device = None

    def _get_loss_class(self, pred_scores, targets, gt_scores, num_gts, postfix=""):
        """Computes the classification loss based on predictions, target values, and ground truth scores."""
        # Logits: [b, query, num_classes], gt_class: list[[n, 1]]
        name_class = f"loss_class{postfix}"
        bs, nq = pred_scores.shape[:2]
        # one_hot = F.one_hot(targets, self.nc + 1)[..., :-1]  # (bs, num_queries, num_classes)
        one_hot = torch.zeros((bs, nq, self.nc + 1), dtype=torch.int64, device=targets.device)
        one_hot.scatter_(2, targets.unsqueeze(-1), 1)
        one_hot = one_hot[..., :-1]
        gt_scores = gt_scores.view(bs, nq, 1) * one_hot

        if self.fl:
            if num_gts and self.vfl:
                loss_cls = self.vfl(pred_scores, gt_scores, one_hot)
            else:
                loss_cls = self.fl(pred_scores, one_hot.float())
            loss_cls /= max(num_gts, 1) / nq
        else:
            loss_cls = nn.BCEWithLogitsLoss(reduction="none")(pred_scores, gt_scores).mean(1).sum()  # YOLO CLS loss

        return {name_class: loss_cls.squeeze() * self.loss_gain["class"]}

    def _get_loss_bbox(self, pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, postfix=""):
        """Calculates and returns the bounding box loss and GIoU loss for the predicted and ground truth bounding
        boxes.
        """
        # Boxes: [b, query, 4], gt_bbox: list[[n, 4]]
        name_bbox = f"loss_bbox{postfix}"
        name_giou = f"loss_giou{postfix}"

        loss = {}
        if len(gt_bboxes) == 0:
            loss[name_bbox] = torch.tensor(0.0, device=self.device)
            loss[name_giou] = torch.tensor(0.0, device=self.device)
            return loss

        loss[name_bbox] = self.loss_gain["bbox"] * F.l1_loss(pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, reduction="sum") / len(gt_bboxes)
        loss[name_giou] = 1.0 - bbox_iou(pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, xywh=True, GIoU=True)
        loss[name_giou] = loss[name_giou].sum() / len(gt_bboxes)
        loss[name_giou] = self.loss_gain["giou"] * loss[name_giou]
        return {k: v.squeeze() for k, v in loss.items()}

    # This function is for future RT-DETR Segment models
    # def _get_loss_mask(self, masks, gt_mask, match_indices, postfix=''):
    #     # masks: [b, query, h, w], gt_mask: list[[n, H, W]]
    #     name_mask = f'loss_mask{postfix}'
    #     name_dice = f'loss_dice{postfix}'
    #
    #     loss = {}
    #     if sum(len(a) for a in gt_mask) == 0:
    #         loss[name_mask] = torch.tensor(0., device=self.device)
    #         loss[name_dice] = torch.tensor(0., device=self.device)
    #         return loss
    #
    #     num_gts = len(gt_mask)
    #     src_masks, target_masks = self._get_assigned_bboxes(masks, gt_mask, match_indices)
    #     src_masks = F.interpolate(src_masks.unsqueeze(0), size=target_masks.shape[-2:], mode='bilinear')[0]
    #     # TODO: torch does not have `sigmoid_focal_loss`, but it's not urgent since we don't use mask branch for now.
    #     loss[name_mask] = self.loss_gain['mask'] * F.sigmoid_focal_loss(src_masks, target_masks,
    #                                                                     torch.tensor([num_gts], dtype=torch.float32))
    #     loss[name_dice] = self.loss_gain['dice'] * self._dice_loss(src_masks, target_masks, num_gts)
    #     return loss

    # This function is for future RT-DETR Segment models
    # @staticmethod
    # def _dice_loss(inputs, targets, num_gts):
    #     inputs = F.sigmoid(inputs).flatten(1)
    #     targets = targets.flatten(1)
    #     numerator = 2 * (inputs * targets).sum(1)
    #     denominator = inputs.sum(-1) + targets.sum(-1)
    #     loss = 1 - (numerator + 1) / (denominator + 1)
    #     return loss.sum() / num_gts

    def _get_loss_aux(
        self,
        pred_bboxes,
        pred_scores,
        gt_bboxes,
        gt_cls,
        gt_groups,
        match_indices=None,
        postfix="",
        masks=None,
        gt_mask=None,
    ):
        """Get auxiliary losses."""
        # NOTE: loss class, bbox, giou, mask, dice
        loss = torch.zeros(5 if masks is not None else 3, device=pred_bboxes.device)
        if match_indices is None and self.use_uni_match:
            match_indices = self.matcher(
                pred_bboxes[self.uni_match_ind],
                pred_scores[self.uni_match_ind],
                gt_bboxes,
                gt_cls,
                gt_groups,
                masks=masks[self.uni_match_ind] if masks is not None else None,
                gt_mask=gt_mask,
            )
        for i, (aux_bboxes, aux_scores) in enumerate(zip(pred_bboxes, pred_scores)):
            aux_masks = masks[i] if masks is not None else None
            loss_ = self._get_loss(
                aux_bboxes,
                aux_scores,
                gt_bboxes,
                gt_cls,
                gt_groups,
                masks=aux_masks,
                gt_mask=gt_mask,
                postfix=postfix,
                match_indices=match_indices,
            )
            loss[0] += loss_[f"loss_class{postfix}"]
            loss[1] += loss_[f"loss_bbox{postfix}"]
            loss[2] += loss_[f"loss_giou{postfix}"]
            # if masks is not None and gt_mask is not None:
            #     loss_ = self._get_loss_mask(aux_masks, gt_mask, match_indices, postfix)
            #     loss[3] += loss_[f'loss_mask{postfix}']
            #     loss[4] += loss_[f'loss_dice{postfix}']

        loss = {
            f"loss_class_aux{postfix}": loss[0],
            f"loss_bbox_aux{postfix}": loss[1],
            f"loss_giou_aux{postfix}": loss[2],
        }
        # if masks is not None and gt_mask is not None:
        #     loss[f'loss_mask_aux{postfix}'] = loss[3]
        #     loss[f'loss_dice_aux{postfix}'] = loss[4]
        return loss

    @staticmethod
    def _get_index(match_indices):
        """Returns batch indices, source indices, and destination indices from provided match indices."""
        batch_idx = torch.cat([torch.full_like(src, i) for i, (src, _) in enumerate(match_indices)])
        src_idx = torch.cat([src for (src, _) in match_indices])
        dst_idx = torch.cat([dst for (_, dst) in match_indices])
        return (batch_idx, src_idx), dst_idx

    def _get_assigned_bboxes(self, pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, match_indices):
        """Assigns predicted bounding boxes to ground truth bounding boxes based on the match indices."""
        pred_assigned = torch.cat(
            [
                t[i] if len(i) > 0 else torch.zeros(0, t.shape[-1], device=self.device)
                for t, (i, _) in zip(pred_bboxes, match_indices)
            ]
        )
        gt_assigned = torch.cat(
            [
                t[j] if len(j) > 0 else torch.zeros(0, t.shape[-1], device=self.device)
                for t, (_, j) in zip(gt_bboxes, match_indices)
            ]
        )
        return pred_assigned, gt_assigned

    def _get_loss(
        self,
        pred_bboxes,
        pred_scores,
        gt_bboxes,
        gt_cls,
        gt_groups,
        masks=None,
        gt_mask=None,
        postfix="",
        match_indices=None,
    ):
        """Get losses."""
        if match_indices is None:
            match_indices = self.matcher(
                pred_bboxes, pred_scores, gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, masks=masks, gt_mask=gt_mask
            )

        idx, gt_idx = self._get_index(match_indices)
        pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes = pred_bboxes[idx], gt_bboxes[gt_idx]

        bs, nq = pred_scores.shape[:2]
        targets = torch.full((bs, nq), self.nc, device=pred_scores.device, dtype=gt_cls.dtype)
        targets[idx] = gt_cls[gt_idx]

        gt_scores = torch.zeros([bs, nq], device=pred_scores.device)
        if len(gt_bboxes):
            gt_scores[idx] = bbox_iou(pred_bboxes.detach(), gt_bboxes, xywh=True).squeeze(-1)

        loss = {}
        loss.update(self._get_loss_class(pred_scores, targets, gt_scores, len(gt_bboxes), postfix))
        loss.update(self._get_loss_bbox(pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, postfix))
        # if masks is not None and gt_mask is not None:
        #     loss.update(self._get_loss_mask(masks, gt_mask, match_indices, postfix))
        return loss

    def forward(self, pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch, postfix="", **kwargs):
        """
        Args:
            pred_bboxes (torch.Tensor): [l, b, query, 4]
            pred_scores (torch.Tensor): [l, b, query, num_classes]
            batch (dict): A dict includes:
                gt_cls (torch.Tensor) with shape [num_gts, ],
                gt_bboxes (torch.Tensor): [num_gts, 4],
                gt_groups (List(int)): a list of batch size length includes the number of gts of each image.
            postfix (str): postfix of loss name.
        """
        self.device = pred_bboxes.device
        match_indices = kwargs.get("match_indices", None)
        gt_cls, gt_bboxes, gt_groups = batch["cls"], batch["bboxes"], batch["gt_groups"]

        total_loss = self._get_loss(
            pred_bboxes[-1], pred_scores[-1], gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, postfix=postfix, match_indices=match_indices
        )

        if self.aux_loss:
            total_loss.update(
                self._get_loss_aux(
                    pred_bboxes[:-1], pred_scores[:-1], gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, match_indices, postfix
                )
            )

        return total_loss

__init__(nc=80, loss_gain=None, aux_loss=True, use_fl=True, use_vfl=False, use_uni_match=False, uni_match_ind=0)

DETR損失関数。

パラメーター

名称 タイプ 説明 デフォルト
nc int

クラスの数。

80
loss_gain dict

損失係数。

None
aux_loss bool

aux_loss = True」の場合、各デコーダー・レイヤーのロスが使用される。

True
use_vfl bool

VarifocalLossを使うかどうか。

False
use_uni_match bool

補助ブランチのラベル割り当てに固定レイヤーを使用するかどうか。

False
uni_match_ind int

レイヤーの固定インデックス。

0
ソースコード ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
def __init__(
    self, nc=80, loss_gain=None, aux_loss=True, use_fl=True, use_vfl=False, use_uni_match=False, uni_match_ind=0
):
    """
    DETR loss function.

    Args:
        nc (int): The number of classes.
        loss_gain (dict): The coefficient of loss.
        aux_loss (bool): If 'aux_loss = True', loss at each decoder layer are to be used.
        use_vfl (bool): Use VarifocalLoss or not.
        use_uni_match (bool): Whether to use a fixed layer to assign labels for auxiliary branch.
        uni_match_ind (int): The fixed indices of a layer.
    """
    super().__init__()

    if loss_gain is None:
        loss_gain = {"class": 1, "bbox": 5, "giou": 2, "no_object": 0.1, "mask": 1, "dice": 1}
    self.nc = nc
    self.matcher = HungarianMatcher(cost_gain={"class": 2, "bbox": 5, "giou": 2})
    self.loss_gain = loss_gain
    self.aux_loss = aux_loss
    self.fl = FocalLoss() if use_fl else None
    self.vfl = VarifocalLoss() if use_vfl else None

    self.use_uni_match = use_uni_match
    self.uni_match_ind = uni_match_ind
    self.device = None

forward(pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch, postfix='', **kwargs)

パラメーター

名称 タイプ 説明 デフォルト
pred_bboxes Tensor

[l, b, query, 4].

必須
pred_scores Tensor

[l, b, query, num_classes]。

必須
batch dict

dictには以下が含まれる: gt_cls (torch.Tensor) with shape [num_gts, ]、 gt_bboxes (torch.Tensor):[num_gts, 4]、 gt_groups (List(int)): 各画像のgts数を含むバッチサイズのリスト。

必須
postfix str

のポストフィックス。

''
ソースコード ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
def forward(self, pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch, postfix="", **kwargs):
    """
    Args:
        pred_bboxes (torch.Tensor): [l, b, query, 4]
        pred_scores (torch.Tensor): [l, b, query, num_classes]
        batch (dict): A dict includes:
            gt_cls (torch.Tensor) with shape [num_gts, ],
            gt_bboxes (torch.Tensor): [num_gts, 4],
            gt_groups (List(int)): a list of batch size length includes the number of gts of each image.
        postfix (str): postfix of loss name.
    """
    self.device = pred_bboxes.device
    match_indices = kwargs.get("match_indices", None)
    gt_cls, gt_bboxes, gt_groups = batch["cls"], batch["bboxes"], batch["gt_groups"]

    total_loss = self._get_loss(
        pred_bboxes[-1], pred_scores[-1], gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, postfix=postfix, match_indices=match_indices
    )

    if self.aux_loss:
        total_loss.update(
            self._get_loss_aux(
                pred_bboxes[:-1], pred_scores[:-1], gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, match_indices, postfix
            )
        )

    return total_loss



ultralytics.models.utils.loss.RTDETRDetectionLoss

ベース: DETRLoss

DETRLoss を継承した Real-Time DeepTracker (RT-DETR) 検出損失クラス。

このクラスは、RT-DETR モデルの検出損失を計算します。 ノイズ除去メタデータが提供されている場合は、追加のノイズ除去トレーニング損失が含まれます。

ソースコード ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
class RTDETRDetectionLoss(DETRLoss):
    """
    Real-Time DeepTracker (RT-DETR) Detection Loss class that extends the DETRLoss.

    This class computes the detection loss for the RT-DETR model, which includes the standard detection loss as well as
    an additional denoising training loss when provided with denoising metadata.
    """

    def forward(self, preds, batch, dn_bboxes=None, dn_scores=None, dn_meta=None):
        """
        Forward pass to compute the detection loss.

        Args:
            preds (tuple): Predicted bounding boxes and scores.
            batch (dict): Batch data containing ground truth information.
            dn_bboxes (torch.Tensor, optional): Denoising bounding boxes. Default is None.
            dn_scores (torch.Tensor, optional): Denoising scores. Default is None.
            dn_meta (dict, optional): Metadata for denoising. Default is None.

        Returns:
            (dict): Dictionary containing the total loss and, if applicable, the denoising loss.
        """
        pred_bboxes, pred_scores = preds
        total_loss = super().forward(pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch)

        # Check for denoising metadata to compute denoising training loss
        if dn_meta is not None:
            dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group = dn_meta["dn_pos_idx"], dn_meta["dn_num_group"]
            assert len(batch["gt_groups"]) == len(dn_pos_idx)

            # Get the match indices for denoising
            match_indices = self.get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, batch["gt_groups"])

            # Compute the denoising training loss
            dn_loss = super().forward(dn_bboxes, dn_scores, batch, postfix="_dn", match_indices=match_indices)
            total_loss.update(dn_loss)
        else:
            # If no denoising metadata is provided, set denoising loss to zero
            total_loss.update({f"{k}_dn": torch.tensor(0.0, device=self.device) for k in total_loss.keys()})

        return total_loss

    @staticmethod
    def get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, gt_groups):
        """
        Get the match indices for denoising.

        Args:
            dn_pos_idx (List[torch.Tensor]): List of tensors containing positive indices for denoising.
            dn_num_group (int): Number of denoising groups.
            gt_groups (List[int]): List of integers representing the number of ground truths for each image.

        Returns:
            (List[tuple]): List of tuples containing matched indices for denoising.
        """
        dn_match_indices = []
        idx_groups = torch.as_tensor([0, *gt_groups[:-1]]).cumsum_(0)
        for i, num_gt in enumerate(gt_groups):
            if num_gt > 0:
                gt_idx = torch.arange(end=num_gt, dtype=torch.long) + idx_groups[i]
                gt_idx = gt_idx.repeat(dn_num_group)
                assert len(dn_pos_idx[i]) == len(gt_idx), "Expected the same length, "
                f"but got {len(dn_pos_idx[i])} and {len(gt_idx)} respectively."
                dn_match_indices.append((dn_pos_idx[i], gt_idx))
            else:
                dn_match_indices.append((torch.zeros([0], dtype=torch.long), torch.zeros([0], dtype=torch.long)))
        return dn_match_indices

forward(preds, batch, dn_bboxes=None, dn_scores=None, dn_meta=None)

検出損失を計算するためのフォワードパス。

パラメーター

名称 タイプ 説明 デフォルト
preds tuple

予測されたバウンディングボックスとスコア。

必須
batch dict

グランドトゥルース情報を含むバッチデータ。

必須
dn_bboxes Tensor

バウンディングボックスをノイズ除去する。デフォルトは None。

None
dn_scores Tensor

ノイズ除去スコア。デフォルトは None。

None
dn_meta dict

ノイズ除去のメタデータ。デフォルトは None。

None

リターンズ

タイプ 説明
dict

全損失と、該当する場合はノイズ除去損失を含む辞書。

ソースコード ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
def forward(self, preds, batch, dn_bboxes=None, dn_scores=None, dn_meta=None):
    """
    Forward pass to compute the detection loss.

    Args:
        preds (tuple): Predicted bounding boxes and scores.
        batch (dict): Batch data containing ground truth information.
        dn_bboxes (torch.Tensor, optional): Denoising bounding boxes. Default is None.
        dn_scores (torch.Tensor, optional): Denoising scores. Default is None.
        dn_meta (dict, optional): Metadata for denoising. Default is None.

    Returns:
        (dict): Dictionary containing the total loss and, if applicable, the denoising loss.
    """
    pred_bboxes, pred_scores = preds
    total_loss = super().forward(pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch)

    # Check for denoising metadata to compute denoising training loss
    if dn_meta is not None:
        dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group = dn_meta["dn_pos_idx"], dn_meta["dn_num_group"]
        assert len(batch["gt_groups"]) == len(dn_pos_idx)

        # Get the match indices for denoising
        match_indices = self.get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, batch["gt_groups"])

        # Compute the denoising training loss
        dn_loss = super().forward(dn_bboxes, dn_scores, batch, postfix="_dn", match_indices=match_indices)
        total_loss.update(dn_loss)
    else:
        # If no denoising metadata is provided, set denoising loss to zero
        total_loss.update({f"{k}_dn": torch.tensor(0.0, device=self.device) for k in total_loss.keys()})

    return total_loss

get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, gt_groups) staticmethod

ノイズ除去のためのマッチインデックスを取得する。

パラメーター

名称 タイプ 説明 デフォルト
dn_pos_idx List[Tensor]

ノイズ除去のための正のインデックスを含むテンソルのリスト。

必須
dn_num_group int

ノイズ除去グループの数。

必須
gt_groups List[int]

各画像の真実を表す整数のリスト.

必須

リターンズ

タイプ 説明
List[tuple]

ノイズ除去のためにマッチしたインデックスを含むタプルのリスト。

ソースコード ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
@staticmethod
def get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, gt_groups):
    """
    Get the match indices for denoising.

    Args:
        dn_pos_idx (List[torch.Tensor]): List of tensors containing positive indices for denoising.
        dn_num_group (int): Number of denoising groups.
        gt_groups (List[int]): List of integers representing the number of ground truths for each image.

    Returns:
        (List[tuple]): List of tuples containing matched indices for denoising.
    """
    dn_match_indices = []
    idx_groups = torch.as_tensor([0, *gt_groups[:-1]]).cumsum_(0)
    for i, num_gt in enumerate(gt_groups):
        if num_gt > 0:
            gt_idx = torch.arange(end=num_gt, dtype=torch.long) + idx_groups[i]
            gt_idx = gt_idx.repeat(dn_num_group)
            assert len(dn_pos_idx[i]) == len(gt_idx), "Expected the same length, "
            f"but got {len(dn_pos_idx[i])} and {len(gt_idx)} respectively."
            dn_match_indices.append((dn_pos_idx[i], gt_idx))
        else:
            dn_match_indices.append((torch.zeros([0], dtype=torch.long), torch.zeros([0], dtype=torch.long)))
    return dn_match_indices





作成日:2023-11-12 更新日:2023-11-25
作成者:glenn-jocher(3),Laughing-q(1)