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Real-Time Detection Transformer (RT-DETR) is an end-to-end object detector that provides real-time performance while maintaining high accuracy. It efficiently processes multi-scale features by decoupling intra-scale interaction and cross-scale fusion, and supports flexible adjustment of inference speed using different decoder layers without retraining. RT-DETR outperforms many real-time object detectors on accelerated backends like CUDA with TensorRT.

Model example image Overview of RT-DETR. Model architecture diagram showing the last three stages of the backbone {S3, S4, S5} as the input to the encoder. The efficient hybrid encoder transforms multiscale features into a sequence of image features through intrascale feature interaction (AIFI) and cross-scale feature-fusion module (CCFM). The IoU-aware query selection is employed to select a fixed number of image features to serve as initial object queries for the decoder. Finally, the decoder with auxiliary prediction heads iteratively optimizes object queries to generate boxes and confidence scores (source).

Key Features

  • Efficient Hybrid Encoder: RT-DETR uses an efficient hybrid encoder that processes multi-scale features by decoupling intra-scale interaction and cross-scale fusion. This design reduces computational costs and allows for real-time object detection.
  • IoU-aware Query Selection: RT-DETR improves object query initialization by utilizing IoU-aware query selection. This allows the model to focus on the most relevant objects in the scene.
  • Adaptable Inference Speed: RT-DETR supports flexible adjustments of inference speed by using different decoder layers without the need for retraining. This adaptability facilitates practical application in various real-time object detection scenarios.

Pre-trained Models

Ultralytics RT-DETR provides several pre-trained models with different scales:

  • RT-DETR-L: 53.0% AP on COCO val2017, 114 FPS on T4 GPU
  • RT-DETR-X: 54.8% AP on COCO val2017, 74 FPS on T4 GPU


Python API

from ultralytics import RTDETR

model = RTDETR("")  # display model information
model.predict("path/to/image.jpg")  # predict

Supported Tasks

Model Type Pre-trained Weights Tasks Supported
RT-DETR Large Object Detection
RT-DETR Extra-Large Object Detection

Supported Modes

Mode Supported
Inference ✔
Validation ✔
Training ❌ (Coming soon)

Citations and Acknowledgements

If you use RT-DETR in your research or development work, please cite the original paper:

      title={DETRs Beat YOLOs on Real-time Object Detection},
      author={Wenyu Lv and Shangliang Xu and Yian Zhao and Guanzhong Wang and Jinman Wei and Cheng Cui and Yuning Du and Qingqing Dang and Yi Liu},

We would like to acknowledge Baidu's PaddlePaddle team for creating and maintaining this valuable resource for the computer vision community.

Created 2023-05-12, Updated 2023-05-17
Authors: Glenn Jocher (4)