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مرجع ل ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py

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ultralytics.models.yolo.pose.val.PoseValidator

قواعد: DetectionValidator

فئة توسع فئة DetectionValidator للتحقق من الصحة بناء على نموذج الوضع.

مثل
from ultralytics.models.yolo.pose import PoseValidator

args = dict(model='yolov8n-pose.pt', data='coco8-pose.yaml')
validator = PoseValidator(args=args)
validator()
شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
class PoseValidator(DetectionValidator):
    """
    A class extending the DetectionValidator class for validation based on a pose model.

    Example:
        ```python
        from ultralytics.models.yolo.pose import PoseValidator

        args = dict(model='yolov8n-pose.pt', data='coco8-pose.yaml')
        validator = PoseValidator(args=args)
        validator()
        ```
    """

    def __init__(self, dataloader=None, save_dir=None, pbar=None, args=None, _callbacks=None):
        """Initialize a 'PoseValidator' object with custom parameters and assigned attributes."""
        super().__init__(dataloader, save_dir, pbar, args, _callbacks)
        self.sigma = None
        self.kpt_shape = None
        self.args.task = "pose"
        self.metrics = PoseMetrics(save_dir=self.save_dir, on_plot=self.on_plot)
        if isinstance(self.args.device, str) and self.args.device.lower() == "mps":
            LOGGER.warning(
                "WARNING ⚠️ Apple MPS known Pose bug. Recommend 'device=cpu' for Pose models. "
                "See https://github.com/ultralytics/ultralytics/issues/4031."
            )

    def preprocess(self, batch):
        """Preprocesses the batch by converting the 'keypoints' data into a float and moving it to the device."""
        batch = super().preprocess(batch)
        batch["keypoints"] = batch["keypoints"].to(self.device).float()
        return batch

    def get_desc(self):
        """Returns description of evaluation metrics in string format."""
        return ("%22s" + "%11s" * 10) % (
            "Class",
            "Images",
            "Instances",
            "Box(P",
            "R",
            "mAP50",
            "mAP50-95)",
            "Pose(P",
            "R",
            "mAP50",
            "mAP50-95)",
        )

    def postprocess(self, preds):
        """Apply non-maximum suppression and return detections with high confidence scores."""
        return ops.non_max_suppression(
            preds,
            self.args.conf,
            self.args.iou,
            labels=self.lb,
            multi_label=True,
            agnostic=self.args.single_cls,
            max_det=self.args.max_det,
            nc=self.nc,
        )

    def init_metrics(self, model):
        """Initiate pose estimation metrics for YOLO model."""
        super().init_metrics(model)
        self.kpt_shape = self.data["kpt_shape"]
        is_pose = self.kpt_shape == [17, 3]
        nkpt = self.kpt_shape[0]
        self.sigma = OKS_SIGMA if is_pose else np.ones(nkpt) / nkpt
        self.stats = dict(tp_p=[], tp=[], conf=[], pred_cls=[], target_cls=[])

    def _prepare_batch(self, si, batch):
        """Prepares a batch for processing by converting keypoints to float and moving to device."""
        pbatch = super()._prepare_batch(si, batch)
        kpts = batch["keypoints"][batch["batch_idx"] == si]
        h, w = pbatch["imgsz"]
        kpts = kpts.clone()
        kpts[..., 0] *= w
        kpts[..., 1] *= h
        kpts = ops.scale_coords(pbatch["imgsz"], kpts, pbatch["ori_shape"], ratio_pad=pbatch["ratio_pad"])
        pbatch["kpts"] = kpts
        return pbatch

    def _prepare_pred(self, pred, pbatch):
        """Prepares and scales keypoints in a batch for pose processing."""
        predn = super()._prepare_pred(pred, pbatch)
        nk = pbatch["kpts"].shape[1]
        pred_kpts = predn[:, 6:].view(len(predn), nk, -1)
        ops.scale_coords(pbatch["imgsz"], pred_kpts, pbatch["ori_shape"], ratio_pad=pbatch["ratio_pad"])
        return predn, pred_kpts

    def update_metrics(self, preds, batch):
        """Metrics."""
        for si, pred in enumerate(preds):
            self.seen += 1
            npr = len(pred)
            stat = dict(
                conf=torch.zeros(0, device=self.device),
                pred_cls=torch.zeros(0, device=self.device),
                tp=torch.zeros(npr, self.niou, dtype=torch.bool, device=self.device),
                tp_p=torch.zeros(npr, self.niou, dtype=torch.bool, device=self.device),
            )
            pbatch = self._prepare_batch(si, batch)
            cls, bbox = pbatch.pop("cls"), pbatch.pop("bbox")
            nl = len(cls)
            stat["target_cls"] = cls
            if npr == 0:
                if nl:
                    for k in self.stats.keys():
                        self.stats[k].append(stat[k])
                    if self.args.plots:
                        self.confusion_matrix.process_batch(detections=None, gt_bboxes=bbox, gt_cls=cls)
                continue

            # Predictions
            if self.args.single_cls:
                pred[:, 5] = 0
            predn, pred_kpts = self._prepare_pred(pred, pbatch)
            stat["conf"] = predn[:, 4]
            stat["pred_cls"] = predn[:, 5]

            # Evaluate
            if nl:
                stat["tp"] = self._process_batch(predn, bbox, cls)
                stat["tp_p"] = self._process_batch(predn, bbox, cls, pred_kpts, pbatch["kpts"])
                if self.args.plots:
                    self.confusion_matrix.process_batch(predn, bbox, cls)

            for k in self.stats.keys():
                self.stats[k].append(stat[k])

            # Save
            if self.args.save_json:
                self.pred_to_json(predn, batch["im_file"][si])
            # if self.args.save_txt:
            #    save_one_txt(predn, save_conf, shape, file=save_dir / 'labels' / f'{path.stem}.txt')

    def _process_batch(self, detections, gt_bboxes, gt_cls, pred_kpts=None, gt_kpts=None):
        """
        Return correct prediction matrix.

        Args:
            detections (torch.Tensor): Tensor of shape [N, 6] representing detections.
                Each detection is of the format: x1, y1, x2, y2, conf, class.
            labels (torch.Tensor): Tensor of shape [M, 5] representing labels.
                Each label is of the format: class, x1, y1, x2, y2.
            pred_kpts (torch.Tensor, optional): Tensor of shape [N, 51] representing predicted keypoints.
                51 corresponds to 17 keypoints each with 3 values.
            gt_kpts (torch.Tensor, optional): Tensor of shape [N, 51] representing ground truth keypoints.

        Returns:
            torch.Tensor: Correct prediction matrix of shape [N, 10] for 10 IoU levels.
        """
        if pred_kpts is not None and gt_kpts is not None:
            # `0.53` is from https://github.com/jin-s13/xtcocoapi/blob/master/xtcocotools/cocoeval.py#L384
            area = ops.xyxy2xywh(gt_bboxes)[:, 2:].prod(1) * 0.53
            iou = kpt_iou(gt_kpts, pred_kpts, sigma=self.sigma, area=area)
        else:  # boxes
            iou = box_iou(gt_bboxes, detections[:, :4])

        return self.match_predictions(detections[:, 5], gt_cls, iou)

    def plot_val_samples(self, batch, ni):
        """Plots and saves validation set samples with predicted bounding boxes and keypoints."""
        plot_images(
            batch["img"],
            batch["batch_idx"],
            batch["cls"].squeeze(-1),
            batch["bboxes"],
            kpts=batch["keypoints"],
            paths=batch["im_file"],
            fname=self.save_dir / f"val_batch{ni}_labels.jpg",
            names=self.names,
            on_plot=self.on_plot,
        )

    def plot_predictions(self, batch, preds, ni):
        """Plots predictions for YOLO model."""
        pred_kpts = torch.cat([p[:, 6:].view(-1, *self.kpt_shape) for p in preds], 0)
        plot_images(
            batch["img"],
            *output_to_target(preds, max_det=self.args.max_det),
            kpts=pred_kpts,
            paths=batch["im_file"],
            fname=self.save_dir / f"val_batch{ni}_pred.jpg",
            names=self.names,
            on_plot=self.on_plot,
        )  # pred

    def pred_to_json(self, predn, filename):
        """Converts YOLO predictions to COCO JSON format."""
        stem = Path(filename).stem
        image_id = int(stem) if stem.isnumeric() else stem
        box = ops.xyxy2xywh(predn[:, :4])  # xywh
        box[:, :2] -= box[:, 2:] / 2  # xy center to top-left corner
        for p, b in zip(predn.tolist(), box.tolist()):
            self.jdict.append(
                {
                    "image_id": image_id,
                    "category_id": self.class_map[int(p[5])],
                    "bbox": [round(x, 3) for x in b],
                    "keypoints": p[6:],
                    "score": round(p[4], 5),
                }
            )

    def eval_json(self, stats):
        """Evaluates object detection model using COCO JSON format."""
        if self.args.save_json and self.is_coco and len(self.jdict):
            anno_json = self.data["path"] / "annotations/person_keypoints_val2017.json"  # annotations
            pred_json = self.save_dir / "predictions.json"  # predictions
            LOGGER.info(f"\nEvaluating pycocotools mAP using {pred_json} and {anno_json}...")
            try:  # https://github.com/cocodataset/cocoapi/blob/master/PythonAPI/pycocoEvalDemo.ipynb
                check_requirements("pycocotools>=2.0.6")
                from pycocotools.coco import COCO  # noqa
                from pycocotools.cocoeval import COCOeval  # noqa

                for x in anno_json, pred_json:
                    assert x.is_file(), f"{x} file not found"
                anno = COCO(str(anno_json))  # init annotations api
                pred = anno.loadRes(str(pred_json))  # init predictions api (must pass string, not Path)
                for i, eval in enumerate([COCOeval(anno, pred, "bbox"), COCOeval(anno, pred, "keypoints")]):
                    if self.is_coco:
                        eval.params.imgIds = [int(Path(x).stem) for x in self.dataloader.dataset.im_files]  # im to eval
                    eval.evaluate()
                    eval.accumulate()
                    eval.summarize()
                    idx = i * 4 + 2
                    stats[self.metrics.keys[idx + 1]], stats[self.metrics.keys[idx]] = eval.stats[
                        :2
                    ]  # update mAP50-95 and mAP50
            except Exception as e:
                LOGGER.warning(f"pycocotools unable to run: {e}")
        return stats

__init__(dataloader=None, save_dir=None, pbar=None, args=None, _callbacks=None)

تهيئة كائن "PoseValidator" باستخدام معلمات مخصصة وسمات معينة.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
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def __init__(self, dataloader=None, save_dir=None, pbar=None, args=None, _callbacks=None):
    """Initialize a 'PoseValidator' object with custom parameters and assigned attributes."""
    super().__init__(dataloader, save_dir, pbar, args, _callbacks)
    self.sigma = None
    self.kpt_shape = None
    self.args.task = "pose"
    self.metrics = PoseMetrics(save_dir=self.save_dir, on_plot=self.on_plot)
    if isinstance(self.args.device, str) and self.args.device.lower() == "mps":
        LOGGER.warning(
            "WARNING ⚠️ Apple MPS known Pose bug. Recommend 'device=cpu' for Pose models. "
            "See https://github.com/ultralytics/ultralytics/issues/4031."
        )

eval_json(stats)

يقيم نموذج الكشف عن الكائنات باستخدام تنسيق COCO JSON.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
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def eval_json(self, stats):
    """Evaluates object detection model using COCO JSON format."""
    if self.args.save_json and self.is_coco and len(self.jdict):
        anno_json = self.data["path"] / "annotations/person_keypoints_val2017.json"  # annotations
        pred_json = self.save_dir / "predictions.json"  # predictions
        LOGGER.info(f"\nEvaluating pycocotools mAP using {pred_json} and {anno_json}...")
        try:  # https://github.com/cocodataset/cocoapi/blob/master/PythonAPI/pycocoEvalDemo.ipynb
            check_requirements("pycocotools>=2.0.6")
            from pycocotools.coco import COCO  # noqa
            from pycocotools.cocoeval import COCOeval  # noqa

            for x in anno_json, pred_json:
                assert x.is_file(), f"{x} file not found"
            anno = COCO(str(anno_json))  # init annotations api
            pred = anno.loadRes(str(pred_json))  # init predictions api (must pass string, not Path)
            for i, eval in enumerate([COCOeval(anno, pred, "bbox"), COCOeval(anno, pred, "keypoints")]):
                if self.is_coco:
                    eval.params.imgIds = [int(Path(x).stem) for x in self.dataloader.dataset.im_files]  # im to eval
                eval.evaluate()
                eval.accumulate()
                eval.summarize()
                idx = i * 4 + 2
                stats[self.metrics.keys[idx + 1]], stats[self.metrics.keys[idx]] = eval.stats[
                    :2
                ]  # update mAP50-95 and mAP50
        except Exception as e:
            LOGGER.warning(f"pycocotools unable to run: {e}")
    return stats

get_desc()

إرجاع وصف مقاييس التقييم بتنسيق سلسلة.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
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def get_desc(self):
    """Returns description of evaluation metrics in string format."""
    return ("%22s" + "%11s" * 10) % (
        "Class",
        "Images",
        "Instances",
        "Box(P",
        "R",
        "mAP50",
        "mAP50-95)",
        "Pose(P",
        "R",
        "mAP50",
        "mAP50-95)",
    )

init_metrics(model)

بدء مقاييس تقدير الوضع ل YOLO نموذج.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
def init_metrics(self, model):
    """Initiate pose estimation metrics for YOLO model."""
    super().init_metrics(model)
    self.kpt_shape = self.data["kpt_shape"]
    is_pose = self.kpt_shape == [17, 3]
    nkpt = self.kpt_shape[0]
    self.sigma = OKS_SIGMA if is_pose else np.ones(nkpt) / nkpt
    self.stats = dict(tp_p=[], tp=[], conf=[], pred_cls=[], target_cls=[])

plot_predictions(batch, preds, ni)

مؤامرات التنبؤات ل YOLO نموذج.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
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def plot_predictions(self, batch, preds, ni):
    """Plots predictions for YOLO model."""
    pred_kpts = torch.cat([p[:, 6:].view(-1, *self.kpt_shape) for p in preds], 0)
    plot_images(
        batch["img"],
        *output_to_target(preds, max_det=self.args.max_det),
        kpts=pred_kpts,
        paths=batch["im_file"],
        fname=self.save_dir / f"val_batch{ni}_pred.jpg",
        names=self.names,
        on_plot=self.on_plot,
    )  # pred

plot_val_samples(batch, ni)

يرسم ويحفظ عينات مجموعة التحقق من الصحة مع المربعات المحيطة والنقاط الرئيسية المتوقعة.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
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def plot_val_samples(self, batch, ni):
    """Plots and saves validation set samples with predicted bounding boxes and keypoints."""
    plot_images(
        batch["img"],
        batch["batch_idx"],
        batch["cls"].squeeze(-1),
        batch["bboxes"],
        kpts=batch["keypoints"],
        paths=batch["im_file"],
        fname=self.save_dir / f"val_batch{ni}_labels.jpg",
        names=self.names,
        on_plot=self.on_plot,
    )

postprocess(preds)

قم بتطبيق عمليات الكشف عن القمع والعودة غير القصوى بدرجات ثقة عالية.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
def postprocess(self, preds):
    """Apply non-maximum suppression and return detections with high confidence scores."""
    return ops.non_max_suppression(
        preds,
        self.args.conf,
        self.args.iou,
        labels=self.lb,
        multi_label=True,
        agnostic=self.args.single_cls,
        max_det=self.args.max_det,
        nc=self.nc,
    )

pred_to_json(predn, filename)

تحويل YOLO التنبؤات بتنسيق COCO JSON.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
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def pred_to_json(self, predn, filename):
    """Converts YOLO predictions to COCO JSON format."""
    stem = Path(filename).stem
    image_id = int(stem) if stem.isnumeric() else stem
    box = ops.xyxy2xywh(predn[:, :4])  # xywh
    box[:, :2] -= box[:, 2:] / 2  # xy center to top-left corner
    for p, b in zip(predn.tolist(), box.tolist()):
        self.jdict.append(
            {
                "image_id": image_id,
                "category_id": self.class_map[int(p[5])],
                "bbox": [round(x, 3) for x in b],
                "keypoints": p[6:],
                "score": round(p[4], 5),
            }
        )

preprocess(batch)

تتم معالجة الدفعة مسبقا عن طريق تحويل بيانات "النقاط الرئيسية" إلى تعويم ونقلها إلى الجهاز.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
def preprocess(self, batch):
    """Preprocesses the batch by converting the 'keypoints' data into a float and moving it to the device."""
    batch = super().preprocess(batch)
    batch["keypoints"] = batch["keypoints"].to(self.device).float()
    return batch

update_metrics(preds, batch)

المقاييس.

شفرة المصدر في ultralytics/models/yolo/pose/val.py
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def update_metrics(self, preds, batch):
    """Metrics."""
    for si, pred in enumerate(preds):
        self.seen += 1
        npr = len(pred)
        stat = dict(
            conf=torch.zeros(0, device=self.device),
            pred_cls=torch.zeros(0, device=self.device),
            tp=torch.zeros(npr, self.niou, dtype=torch.bool, device=self.device),
            tp_p=torch.zeros(npr, self.niou, dtype=torch.bool, device=self.device),
        )
        pbatch = self._prepare_batch(si, batch)
        cls, bbox = pbatch.pop("cls"), pbatch.pop("bbox")
        nl = len(cls)
        stat["target_cls"] = cls
        if npr == 0:
            if nl:
                for k in self.stats.keys():
                    self.stats[k].append(stat[k])
                if self.args.plots:
                    self.confusion_matrix.process_batch(detections=None, gt_bboxes=bbox, gt_cls=cls)
            continue

        # Predictions
        if self.args.single_cls:
            pred[:, 5] = 0
        predn, pred_kpts = self._prepare_pred(pred, pbatch)
        stat["conf"] = predn[:, 4]
        stat["pred_cls"] = predn[:, 5]

        # Evaluate
        if nl:
            stat["tp"] = self._process_batch(predn, bbox, cls)
            stat["tp_p"] = self._process_batch(predn, bbox, cls, pred_kpts, pbatch["kpts"])
            if self.args.plots:
                self.confusion_matrix.process_batch(predn, bbox, cls)

        for k in self.stats.keys():
            self.stats[k].append(stat[k])

        # Save
        if self.args.save_json:
            self.pred_to_json(predn, batch["im_file"][si])





تم إنشاء 2023-11-12, اخر تحديث 2023-11-25
المؤلفون: جلين جوشر (3)