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Questo file è disponibile all'indirizzo https://github.com/ultralytics/ ultralytics/blob/main/ ultralytics/ hub/session .py. Se riscontri un problema, contribuisci a risolverlo inviando una Pull Request 🛠️. Grazie 🙏!



ultralytics.hub.session.HUBTrainingSession

HUB sessione di allenamento per i modelli Ultralytics HUB YOLO . Gestisce l'inizializzazione del modello, i battiti cardiaci e il checkpoint.

Attributi:

Nome Tipo Descrizione
agent_id str

Identificatore dell'istanza che comunica con il server.

model_id str

Identificatore del modello YOLO in fase di addestramento.

model_url str

URL per il modello in Ultralytics HUB .

api_url str

URL API per il modello in Ultralytics HUB .

auth_header dict

Intestazione di autenticazione per le richieste dell'API Ultralytics HUB .

rate_limits dict

Limiti di velocità per le diverse chiamate API (in secondi).

timers dict

Timer per limitare la velocità.

metrics_queue dict

Coda per le metriche del modello.

model dict

Dati del modello recuperati da Ultralytics HUB .

alive bool

Indica se il loop di heartbeat è attivo.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/hub/session.py
class HUBTrainingSession:
    """
    HUB training session for Ultralytics HUB YOLO models. Handles model initialization, heartbeats, and checkpointing.

    Attributes:
        agent_id (str): Identifier for the instance communicating with the server.
        model_id (str): Identifier for the YOLO model being trained.
        model_url (str): URL for the model in Ultralytics HUB.
        api_url (str): API URL for the model in Ultralytics HUB.
        auth_header (dict): Authentication header for the Ultralytics HUB API requests.
        rate_limits (dict): Rate limits for different API calls (in seconds).
        timers (dict): Timers for rate limiting.
        metrics_queue (dict): Queue for the model's metrics.
        model (dict): Model data fetched from Ultralytics HUB.
        alive (bool): Indicates if the heartbeat loop is active.
    """

    def __init__(self, identifier):
        """
        Initialize the HUBTrainingSession with the provided model identifier.

        Args:
            identifier (str): Model identifier used to initialize the HUB training session.
                It can be a URL string or a model key with specific format.

        Raises:
            ValueError: If the provided model identifier is invalid.
            ConnectionError: If connecting with global API key is not supported.
            ModuleNotFoundError: If hub-sdk package is not installed.
        """
        from hub_sdk import HUBClient

        self.rate_limits = {
            "metrics": 3.0,
            "ckpt": 900.0,
            "heartbeat": 300.0,
        }  # rate limits (seconds)
        self.metrics_queue = {}  # holds metrics for each epoch until upload
        self.timers = {}  # holds timers in ultralytics/utils/callbacks/hub.py

        # Parse input
        api_key, model_id, self.filename = self._parse_identifier(identifier)

        # Get credentials
        active_key = api_key or SETTINGS.get("api_key")
        credentials = {"api_key": active_key} if active_key else None  # set credentials

        # Initialize client
        self.client = HUBClient(credentials)

        if model_id:
            self.load_model(model_id)  # load existing model
        else:
            self.model = self.client.model()  # load empty model

    def load_model(self, model_id):
        """Loads an existing model from Ultralytics HUB using the provided model identifier."""
        self.model = self.client.model(model_id)
        if not self.model.data:  # then model does not exist
            raise ValueError(emojis("❌ The specified HUB model does not exist"))  # TODO: improve error handling

        self.model_url = f"{HUB_WEB_ROOT}/models/{self.model.id}"

        self._set_train_args()

        # Start heartbeats for HUB to monitor agent
        self.model.start_heartbeat(self.rate_limits["heartbeat"])
        LOGGER.info(f"{PREFIX}View model at {self.model_url} 🚀")

    def create_model(self, model_args):
        """Initializes a HUB training session with the specified model identifier."""
        payload = {
            "config": {
                "batchSize": model_args.get("batch", -1),
                "epochs": model_args.get("epochs", 300),
                "imageSize": model_args.get("imgsz", 640),
                "patience": model_args.get("patience", 100),
                "device": model_args.get("device", ""),
                "cache": model_args.get("cache", "ram"),
            },
            "dataset": {"name": model_args.get("data")},
            "lineage": {
                "architecture": {
                    "name": self.filename.replace(".pt", "").replace(".yaml", ""),
                },
                "parent": {},
            },
            "meta": {"name": self.filename},
        }

        if self.filename.endswith(".pt"):
            payload["lineage"]["parent"]["name"] = self.filename

        self.model.create_model(payload)

        # Model could not be created
        # TODO: improve error handling
        if not self.model.id:
            return

        self.model_url = f"{HUB_WEB_ROOT}/models/{self.model.id}"

        # Start heartbeats for HUB to monitor agent
        self.model.start_heartbeat(self.rate_limits["heartbeat"])

        LOGGER.info(f"{PREFIX}View model at {self.model_url} 🚀")

    def _parse_identifier(self, identifier):
        """
        Parses the given identifier to determine the type of identifier and extract relevant components.

        The method supports different identifier formats:
            - A HUB URL, which starts with HUB_WEB_ROOT followed by '/models/'
            - An identifier containing an API key and a model ID separated by an underscore
            - An identifier that is solely a model ID of a fixed length
            - A local filename that ends with '.pt' or '.yaml'

        Args:
            identifier (str): The identifier string to be parsed.

        Returns:
            (tuple): A tuple containing the API key, model ID, and filename as applicable.

        Raises:
            HUBModelError: If the identifier format is not recognized.
        """

        # Initialize variables
        api_key, model_id, filename = None, None, None

        # Check if identifier is a HUB URL
        if identifier.startswith(f"{HUB_WEB_ROOT}/models/"):
            # Extract the model_id after the HUB_WEB_ROOT URL
            model_id = identifier.split(f"{HUB_WEB_ROOT}/models/")[-1]
        else:
            # Split the identifier based on underscores only if it's not a HUB URL
            parts = identifier.split("_")

            # Check if identifier is in the format of API key and model ID
            if len(parts) == 2 and len(parts[0]) == 42 and len(parts[1]) == 20:
                api_key, model_id = parts
            # Check if identifier is a single model ID
            elif len(parts) == 1 and len(parts[0]) == 20:
                model_id = parts[0]
            # Check if identifier is a local filename
            elif identifier.endswith(".pt") or identifier.endswith(".yaml"):
                filename = identifier
            else:
                raise HUBModelError(
                    f"model='{identifier}' could not be parsed. Check format is correct. "
                    f"Supported formats are Ultralytics HUB URL, apiKey_modelId, modelId, local pt or yaml file."
                )

        return api_key, model_id, filename

    def _set_train_args(self, **kwargs):
        """Initializes training arguments and creates a model entry on the Ultralytics HUB."""
        if self.model.is_trained():
            # Model is already trained
            raise ValueError(emojis(f"Model is already trained and uploaded to {self.model_url} 🚀"))

        if self.model.is_resumable():
            # Model has saved weights
            self.train_args = {"data": self.model.get_dataset_url(), "resume": True}
            self.model_file = self.model.get_weights_url("last")
        else:
            # Model has no saved weights
            def get_train_args(config):
                """Parses an identifier to extract API key, model ID, and filename if applicable."""
                return {
                    "batch": config["batchSize"],
                    "epochs": config["epochs"],
                    "imgsz": config["imageSize"],
                    "patience": config["patience"],
                    "device": config["device"],
                    "cache": config["cache"],
                    "data": self.model.get_dataset_url(),
                }

            self.train_args = get_train_args(self.model.data.get("config"))
            # Set the model file as either a *.pt or *.yaml file
            self.model_file = (
                self.model.get_weights_url("parent") if self.model.is_pretrained() else self.model.get_architecture()
            )

        if not self.train_args.get("data"):
            raise ValueError("Dataset may still be processing. Please wait a minute and try again.")  # RF fix

        self.model_file = checks.check_yolov5u_filename(self.model_file, verbose=False)  # YOLOv5->YOLOv5u
        self.model_id = self.model.id

    def request_queue(
        self,
        request_func,
        retry=3,
        timeout=30,
        thread=True,
        verbose=True,
        progress_total=None,
        *args,
        **kwargs,
    ):
        def retry_request():
            """Attempts to call `request_func` with retries, timeout, and optional threading."""
            t0 = time.time()  # Record the start time for the timeout
            for i in range(retry + 1):
                if (time.time() - t0) > timeout:
                    LOGGER.warning(f"{PREFIX}Timeout for request reached. {HELP_MSG}")
                    break  # Timeout reached, exit loop

                response = request_func(*args, **kwargs)
                if response is None:
                    LOGGER.warning(f"{PREFIX}Received no response from the request. {HELP_MSG}")
                    time.sleep(2**i)  # Exponential backoff before retrying
                    continue  # Skip further processing and retry

                if progress_total:
                    self._show_upload_progress(progress_total, response)

                if HTTPStatus.OK <= response.status_code < HTTPStatus.MULTIPLE_CHOICES:
                    return response  # Success, no need to retry

                if i == 0:
                    # Initial attempt, check status code and provide messages
                    message = self._get_failure_message(response, retry, timeout)

                    if verbose:
                        LOGGER.warning(f"{PREFIX}{message} {HELP_MSG} ({response.status_code})")

                if not self._should_retry(response.status_code):
                    LOGGER.warning(f"{PREFIX}Request failed. {HELP_MSG} ({response.status_code}")
                    break  # Not an error that should be retried, exit loop

                time.sleep(2**i)  # Exponential backoff for retries

            return response

        if thread:
            # Start a new thread to run the retry_request function
            threading.Thread(target=retry_request, daemon=True).start()
        else:
            # If running in the main thread, call retry_request directly
            return retry_request()

    def _should_retry(self, status_code):
        """Determines if a request should be retried based on the HTTP status code."""
        retry_codes = {
            HTTPStatus.REQUEST_TIMEOUT,
            HTTPStatus.BAD_GATEWAY,
            HTTPStatus.GATEWAY_TIMEOUT,
        }
        return status_code in retry_codes

    def _get_failure_message(self, response: requests.Response, retry: int, timeout: int):
        """
        Generate a retry message based on the response status code.

        Args:
            response: The HTTP response object.
            retry: The number of retry attempts allowed.
            timeout: The maximum timeout duration.

        Returns:
            (str): The retry message.
        """
        if self._should_retry(response.status_code):
            return f"Retrying {retry}x for {timeout}s." if retry else ""
        elif response.status_code == HTTPStatus.TOO_MANY_REQUESTS:  # rate limit
            headers = response.headers
            return (
                f"Rate limit reached ({headers['X-RateLimit-Remaining']}/{headers['X-RateLimit-Limit']}). "
                f"Please retry after {headers['Retry-After']}s."
            )
        else:
            try:
                return response.json().get("message", "No JSON message.")
            except AttributeError:
                return "Unable to read JSON."

    def upload_metrics(self):
        """Upload model metrics to Ultralytics HUB."""
        return self.request_queue(self.model.upload_metrics, metrics=self.metrics_queue.copy(), thread=True)

    def upload_model(
        self,
        epoch: int,
        weights: str,
        is_best: bool = False,
        map: float = 0.0,
        final: bool = False,
    ) -> None:
        """
        Upload a model checkpoint to Ultralytics HUB.

        Args:
            epoch (int): The current training epoch.
            weights (str): Path to the model weights file.
            is_best (bool): Indicates if the current model is the best one so far.
            map (float): Mean average precision of the model.
            final (bool): Indicates if the model is the final model after training.
        """
        if Path(weights).is_file():
            progress_total = Path(weights).stat().st_size if final else None  # Only show progress if final
            self.request_queue(
                self.model.upload_model,
                epoch=epoch,
                weights=weights,
                is_best=is_best,
                map=map,
                final=final,
                retry=10,
                timeout=3600,
                thread=not final,
                progress_total=progress_total,
            )
        else:
            LOGGER.warning(f"{PREFIX}WARNING ⚠️ Model upload issue. Missing model {weights}.")

    def _show_upload_progress(self, content_length: int, response: requests.Response) -> None:
        """
        Display a progress bar to track the upload progress of a file download.

        Args:
            content_length (int): The total size of the content to be downloaded in bytes.
            response (requests.Response): The response object from the file download request.

        Returns:
            None
        """
        with TQDM(total=content_length, unit="B", unit_scale=True, unit_divisor=1024) as pbar:
            for data in response.iter_content(chunk_size=1024):
                pbar.update(len(data))

__init__(identifier)

Inizializza la HUBTrainingSession con l'identificativo del modello fornito.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
identifier str

Identificatore del modello utilizzato per inizializzare la sessione di formazione di HUB . Può essere una stringa URL o una chiave del modello con un formato specifico.

richiesto

Aumenta:

Tipo Descrizione
ValueError

Se l'identificativo del modello fornito non è valido.

ConnectionError

Se la connessione con la chiave API globale non è supportata.

ModuleNotFoundError

Se il pacchetto hub-sdk non è installato.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/hub/session.py
def __init__(self, identifier):
    """
    Initialize the HUBTrainingSession with the provided model identifier.

    Args:
        identifier (str): Model identifier used to initialize the HUB training session.
            It can be a URL string or a model key with specific format.

    Raises:
        ValueError: If the provided model identifier is invalid.
        ConnectionError: If connecting with global API key is not supported.
        ModuleNotFoundError: If hub-sdk package is not installed.
    """
    from hub_sdk import HUBClient

    self.rate_limits = {
        "metrics": 3.0,
        "ckpt": 900.0,
        "heartbeat": 300.0,
    }  # rate limits (seconds)
    self.metrics_queue = {}  # holds metrics for each epoch until upload
    self.timers = {}  # holds timers in ultralytics/utils/callbacks/hub.py

    # Parse input
    api_key, model_id, self.filename = self._parse_identifier(identifier)

    # Get credentials
    active_key = api_key or SETTINGS.get("api_key")
    credentials = {"api_key": active_key} if active_key else None  # set credentials

    # Initialize client
    self.client = HUBClient(credentials)

    if model_id:
        self.load_model(model_id)  # load existing model
    else:
        self.model = self.client.model()  # load empty model

create_model(model_args)

Inizializza una sessione di allenamento HUB con l'identificativo del modello specificato.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/hub/session.py
def create_model(self, model_args):
    """Initializes a HUB training session with the specified model identifier."""
    payload = {
        "config": {
            "batchSize": model_args.get("batch", -1),
            "epochs": model_args.get("epochs", 300),
            "imageSize": model_args.get("imgsz", 640),
            "patience": model_args.get("patience", 100),
            "device": model_args.get("device", ""),
            "cache": model_args.get("cache", "ram"),
        },
        "dataset": {"name": model_args.get("data")},
        "lineage": {
            "architecture": {
                "name": self.filename.replace(".pt", "").replace(".yaml", ""),
            },
            "parent": {},
        },
        "meta": {"name": self.filename},
    }

    if self.filename.endswith(".pt"):
        payload["lineage"]["parent"]["name"] = self.filename

    self.model.create_model(payload)

    # Model could not be created
    # TODO: improve error handling
    if not self.model.id:
        return

    self.model_url = f"{HUB_WEB_ROOT}/models/{self.model.id}"

    # Start heartbeats for HUB to monitor agent
    self.model.start_heartbeat(self.rate_limits["heartbeat"])

    LOGGER.info(f"{PREFIX}View model at {self.model_url} 🚀")

load_model(model_id)

Carica un modello esistente da Ultralytics HUB utilizzando l'identificativo del modello fornito.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/hub/session.py
def load_model(self, model_id):
    """Loads an existing model from Ultralytics HUB using the provided model identifier."""
    self.model = self.client.model(model_id)
    if not self.model.data:  # then model does not exist
        raise ValueError(emojis("❌ The specified HUB model does not exist"))  # TODO: improve error handling

    self.model_url = f"{HUB_WEB_ROOT}/models/{self.model.id}"

    self._set_train_args()

    # Start heartbeats for HUB to monitor agent
    self.model.start_heartbeat(self.rate_limits["heartbeat"])
    LOGGER.info(f"{PREFIX}View model at {self.model_url} 🚀")

upload_metrics()

Carica le metriche del modello su Ultralytics HUB .

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/hub/session.py
def upload_metrics(self):
    """Upload model metrics to Ultralytics HUB."""
    return self.request_queue(self.model.upload_metrics, metrics=self.metrics_queue.copy(), thread=True)

upload_model(epoch, weights, is_best=False, map=0.0, final=False)

Carica un checkpoint del modello su Ultralytics HUB .

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
epoch int

L'epoch di allenamento corrente.

richiesto
weights str

Percorso del file dei pesi del modello.

richiesto
is_best bool

Indica se il modello attuale è il migliore finora.

False
map float

Precisione media del modello.

0.0
final bool

Indica se il modello è il modello finale dopo la formazione.

False
Codice sorgente in ultralytics/hub/session.py
def upload_model(
    self,
    epoch: int,
    weights: str,
    is_best: bool = False,
    map: float = 0.0,
    final: bool = False,
) -> None:
    """
    Upload a model checkpoint to Ultralytics HUB.

    Args:
        epoch (int): The current training epoch.
        weights (str): Path to the model weights file.
        is_best (bool): Indicates if the current model is the best one so far.
        map (float): Mean average precision of the model.
        final (bool): Indicates if the model is the final model after training.
    """
    if Path(weights).is_file():
        progress_total = Path(weights).stat().st_size if final else None  # Only show progress if final
        self.request_queue(
            self.model.upload_model,
            epoch=epoch,
            weights=weights,
            is_best=is_best,
            map=map,
            final=final,
            retry=10,
            timeout=3600,
            thread=not final,
            progress_total=progress_total,
        )
    else:
        LOGGER.warning(f"{PREFIX}WARNING ⚠️ Model upload issue. Missing model {weights}.")





Creato 2023-11-12, Aggiornato 2023-11-25
Autori: glenn-jocher (3)