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Riferimento per ultralytics/utils/checks.py

Nota

Questo file è disponibile su https://github.com/ultralytics/ ultralytics/blob/main/ ultralytics/utils/checks .py. Se noti un problema, contribuisci a risolverlo inviando una Pull Request 🛠️. Grazie 🙏!



ultralytics.utils.checks.parse_requirements(file_path=ROOT.parent / 'requirements.txt', package='')

Analizza un file requirements.txt, ignorando le righe che iniziano con '#' e tutto il testo dopo '#'.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
file_path Path

Percorso del file requirements.txt.

parent / 'requirements.txt'
package str

Python da utilizzare al posto del file requirements.txt, ad esempio package='ultralytics'.

''

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
List[Dict[str, str]]

Elenco dei requisiti analizzati come dizionari con name e specifier chiavi.

Esempio
from ultralytics.utils.checks import parse_requirements

parse_requirements(package='ultralytics')
Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def parse_requirements(file_path=ROOT.parent / "requirements.txt", package=""):
    """
    Parse a requirements.txt file, ignoring lines that start with '#' and any text after '#'.

    Args:
        file_path (Path): Path to the requirements.txt file.
        package (str, optional): Python package to use instead of requirements.txt file, i.e. package='ultralytics'.

    Returns:
        (List[Dict[str, str]]): List of parsed requirements as dictionaries with `name` and `specifier` keys.

    Example:
        ```python
        from ultralytics.utils.checks import parse_requirements

        parse_requirements(package='ultralytics')
        ```
    """

    if package:
        requires = [x for x in metadata.distribution(package).requires if "extra == " not in x]
    else:
        requires = Path(file_path).read_text().splitlines()

    requirements = []
    for line in requires:
        line = line.strip()
        if line and not line.startswith("#"):
            line = line.split("#")[0].strip()  # ignore inline comments
            match = re.match(r"([a-zA-Z0-9-_]+)\s*([<>!=~]+.*)?", line)
            if match:
                requirements.append(SimpleNamespace(name=match[1], specifier=match[2].strip() if match[2] else ""))

    return requirements



ultralytics.utils.checks.parse_version(version='0.0.0')

Converte una stringa di versione in una tupla di numeri interi, ignorando qualsiasi stringa extra non numerica allegata alla versione. Questa sostituisce il deprecato "pkg_resources.parse_version(v)".

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
version str

Stringa della versione, ad esempio '2.0.1+cpu'.

'0.0.0'

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
tuple

Tupla di numeri interi che rappresentano la parte numerica della versione e la stringa extra, ad esempio (2, 0, 1)

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def parse_version(version="0.0.0") -> tuple:
    """
    Convert a version string to a tuple of integers, ignoring any extra non-numeric string attached to the version. This
    function replaces deprecated 'pkg_resources.parse_version(v)'.

    Args:
        version (str): Version string, i.e. '2.0.1+cpu'

    Returns:
        (tuple): Tuple of integers representing the numeric part of the version and the extra string, i.e. (2, 0, 1)
    """
    try:
        return tuple(map(int, re.findall(r"\d+", version)[:3]))  # '2.0.1+cpu' -> (2, 0, 1)
    except Exception as e:
        LOGGER.warning(f"WARNING ⚠️ failure for parse_version({version}), returning (0, 0, 0): {e}")
        return 0, 0, 0



ultralytics.utils.checks.is_ascii(s)

Controlla se una stringa è composta solo da caratteri ASCII.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
s str

Stringa da controllare.

richiesto

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
bool

Vero se la stringa è composta solo da caratteri ASCII, Falso altrimenti.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def is_ascii(s) -> bool:
    """
    Check if a string is composed of only ASCII characters.

    Args:
        s (str): String to be checked.

    Returns:
        (bool): True if the string is composed only of ASCII characters, False otherwise.
    """
    # Convert list, tuple, None, etc. to string
    s = str(s)

    # Check if the string is composed of only ASCII characters
    return all(ord(c) < 128 for c in s)



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_imgsz(imgsz, stride=32, min_dim=1, max_dim=2, floor=0)

Verifica che la dimensione dell'immagine sia un multiplo dello stride dato in ogni dimensione. Se la dimensione dell'immagine non è un multiplo dello stride, aggiornala al multiplo più vicino dello stride che sia maggiore o uguale al valore floor indicato. aggiorna la dimensione dell'immagine al multiplo più vicino dello stride che sia maggiore o uguale al valore minimo indicato.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
imgsz int | cList[int]

Dimensioni dell'immagine.

richiesto
stride int

Valore del passo.

32
min_dim int

Numero minimo di dimensioni.

1
max_dim int

Numero massimo di dimensioni.

2
floor int

Valore minimo consentito per le dimensioni dell'immagine.

0

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
List[int]

Dimensioni dell'immagine aggiornate.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_imgsz(imgsz, stride=32, min_dim=1, max_dim=2, floor=0):
    """
    Verify image size is a multiple of the given stride in each dimension. If the image size is not a multiple of the
    stride, update it to the nearest multiple of the stride that is greater than or equal to the given floor value.

    Args:
        imgsz (int | cList[int]): Image size.
        stride (int): Stride value.
        min_dim (int): Minimum number of dimensions.
        max_dim (int): Maximum number of dimensions.
        floor (int): Minimum allowed value for image size.

    Returns:
        (List[int]): Updated image size.
    """
    # Convert stride to integer if it is a tensor
    stride = int(stride.max() if isinstance(stride, torch.Tensor) else stride)

    # Convert image size to list if it is an integer
    if isinstance(imgsz, int):
        imgsz = [imgsz]
    elif isinstance(imgsz, (list, tuple)):
        imgsz = list(imgsz)
    else:
        raise TypeError(
            f"'imgsz={imgsz}' is of invalid type {type(imgsz).__name__}. "
            f"Valid imgsz types are int i.e. 'imgsz=640' or list i.e. 'imgsz=[640,640]'"
        )

    # Apply max_dim
    if len(imgsz) > max_dim:
        msg = (
            "'train' and 'val' imgsz must be an integer, while 'predict' and 'export' imgsz may be a [h, w] list "
            "or an integer, i.e. 'yolo export imgsz=640,480' or 'yolo export imgsz=640'"
        )
        if max_dim != 1:
            raise ValueError(f"imgsz={imgsz} is not a valid image size. {msg}")
        LOGGER.warning(f"WARNING ⚠️ updating to 'imgsz={max(imgsz)}'. {msg}")
        imgsz = [max(imgsz)]
    # Make image size a multiple of the stride
    sz = [max(math.ceil(x / stride) * stride, floor) for x in imgsz]

    # Print warning message if image size was updated
    if sz != imgsz:
        LOGGER.warning(f"WARNING ⚠️ imgsz={imgsz} must be multiple of max stride {stride}, updating to {sz}")

    # Add missing dimensions if necessary
    sz = [sz[0], sz[0]] if min_dim == 2 and len(sz) == 1 else sz[0] if min_dim == 1 and len(sz) == 1 else sz

    return sz



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_version(current='0.0.0', required='0.0.0', name='version', hard=False, verbose=False, msg='')

Controlla la versione corrente rispetto alla versione o all'intervallo richiesto.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
current str

Versione attuale o nome del pacchetto da cui ottenere la versione.

'0.0.0'
required str

Versione o intervallo richiesto (in formato pip).

'0.0.0'
name str

Nome da utilizzare nel messaggio di avviso.

'version'
hard bool

Se Vero, solleva un AssertionError se il requisito non è soddisfatto.

False
verbose bool

Se Vero, stampa un messaggio di avviso se il requisito non è soddisfatto.

False
msg str

Messaggio extra da visualizzare se verboso.

''

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
bool

Vero se il requisito è soddisfatto, Falso altrimenti.

Esempio
# Check if current version is exactly 22.04
check_version(current='22.04', required='==22.04')

# Check if current version is greater than or equal to 22.04
check_version(current='22.10', required='22.04')  # assumes '>=' inequality if none passed

# Check if current version is less than or equal to 22.04
check_version(current='22.04', required='<=22.04')

# Check if current version is between 20.04 (inclusive) and 22.04 (exclusive)
check_version(current='21.10', required='>20.04,<22.04')
Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_version(
    current: str = "0.0.0",
    required: str = "0.0.0",
    name: str = "version",
    hard: bool = False,
    verbose: bool = False,
    msg: str = "",
) -> bool:
    """
    Check current version against the required version or range.

    Args:
        current (str): Current version or package name to get version from.
        required (str): Required version or range (in pip-style format).
        name (str, optional): Name to be used in warning message.
        hard (bool, optional): If True, raise an AssertionError if the requirement is not met.
        verbose (bool, optional): If True, print warning message if requirement is not met.
        msg (str, optional): Extra message to display if verbose.

    Returns:
        (bool): True if requirement is met, False otherwise.

    Example:
        ```python
        # Check if current version is exactly 22.04
        check_version(current='22.04', required='==22.04')

        # Check if current version is greater than or equal to 22.04
        check_version(current='22.10', required='22.04')  # assumes '>=' inequality if none passed

        # Check if current version is less than or equal to 22.04
        check_version(current='22.04', required='<=22.04')

        # Check if current version is between 20.04 (inclusive) and 22.04 (exclusive)
        check_version(current='21.10', required='>20.04,<22.04')
        ```
    """
    if not current:  # if current is '' or None
        LOGGER.warning(f"WARNING ⚠️ invalid check_version({current}, {required}) requested, please check values.")
        return True
    elif not current[0].isdigit():  # current is package name rather than version string, i.e. current='ultralytics'
        try:
            name = current  # assigned package name to 'name' arg
            current = metadata.version(current)  # get version string from package name
        except metadata.PackageNotFoundError as e:
            if hard:
                raise ModuleNotFoundError(emojis(f"WARNING ⚠️ {current} package is required but not installed")) from e
            else:
                return False

    if not required:  # if required is '' or None
        return True

    op = ""
    version = ""
    result = True
    c = parse_version(current)  # '1.2.3' -> (1, 2, 3)
    for r in required.strip(",").split(","):
        op, version = re.match(r"([^0-9]*)([\d.]+)", r).groups()  # split '>=22.04' -> ('>=', '22.04')
        v = parse_version(version)  # '1.2.3' -> (1, 2, 3)
        if op == "==" and c != v:
            result = False
        elif op == "!=" and c == v:
            result = False
        elif op in (">=", "") and not (c >= v):  # if no constraint passed assume '>=required'
            result = False
        elif op == "<=" and not (c <= v):
            result = False
        elif op == ">" and not (c > v):
            result = False
        elif op == "<" and not (c < v):
            result = False
    if not result:
        warning = f"WARNING ⚠️ {name}{op}{version} is required, but {name}=={current} is currently installed {msg}"
        if hard:
            raise ModuleNotFoundError(emojis(warning))  # assert version requirements met
        if verbose:
            LOGGER.warning(warning)
    return result



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_latest_pypi_version(package_name='ultralytics')

Restituisce l'ultima versione di un pacchetto PyPI senza scaricarlo o installarlo.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
package_name str

Il nome del pacchetto per cui trovare l'ultima versione.

'ultralytics'

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
str

L'ultima versione del pacchetto.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_latest_pypi_version(package_name="ultralytics"):
    """
    Returns the latest version of a PyPI package without downloading or installing it.

    Parameters:
        package_name (str): The name of the package to find the latest version for.

    Returns:
        (str): The latest version of the package.
    """
    with contextlib.suppress(Exception):
        requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings()  # Disable the InsecureRequestWarning
        response = requests.get(f"https://pypi.org/pypi/{package_name}/json", timeout=3)
        if response.status_code == 200:
            return response.json()["info"]["version"]



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_pip_update_available()

Controlla se una nuova versione del pacchetto ultralytics è disponibile su PyPI.

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
bool

Vero se è disponibile un aggiornamento, Falso altrimenti.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_pip_update_available():
    """
    Checks if a new version of the ultralytics package is available on PyPI.

    Returns:
        (bool): True if an update is available, False otherwise.
    """
    if ONLINE and is_pip_package():
        with contextlib.suppress(Exception):
            from ultralytics import __version__

            latest = check_latest_pypi_version()
            if check_version(__version__, f"<{latest}"):  # check if current version is < latest version
                LOGGER.info(
                    f"New https://pypi.org/project/ultralytics/{latest} available 😃 "
                    f"Update with 'pip install -U ultralytics'"
                )
                return True
    return False



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_font(font='Arial.ttf')

Trova il font localmente o lo scarica nella directory di configurazione dell'utente se non esiste già.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
font str

Percorso o nome del font.

'Arial.ttf'

Restituzione:

Nome Tipo Descrizione
file Path

Percorso del file di font risolto.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
@ThreadingLocked()
def check_font(font="Arial.ttf"):
    """
    Find font locally or download to user's configuration directory if it does not already exist.

    Args:
        font (str): Path or name of font.

    Returns:
        file (Path): Resolved font file path.
    """
    name = Path(font).name

    # Check USER_CONFIG_DIR
    file = USER_CONFIG_DIR / name
    if file.exists():
        return file

    # Check system fonts
    matches = [s for s in font_manager.findSystemFonts() if font in s]
    if any(matches):
        return matches[0]

    # Download to USER_CONFIG_DIR if missing
    url = f"https://ultralytics.com/assets/{name}"
    if downloads.is_url(url):
        downloads.safe_download(url=url, file=file)
        return file



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_python(minimum='3.8.0')

Controlla la versione attuale di python rispetto alla versione minima richiesta.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
minimum str

È richiesta la versione minima di python.

'3.8.0'

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
bool

Se la versione di Python installata soddisfa i vincoli minimi.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_python(minimum: str = "3.8.0") -> bool:
    """
    Check current python version against the required minimum version.

    Args:
        minimum (str): Required minimum version of python.

    Returns:
        (bool): Whether the installed Python version meets the minimum constraints.
    """
    return check_version(PYTHON_VERSION, minimum, name="Python ", hard=True)



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_requirements(requirements=ROOT.parent / 'requirements.txt', exclude=(), install=True, cmds='')

Controlla se le dipendenze installate soddisfano i requisiti di YOLOv8 e tenta l'aggiornamento automatico se necessario.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
requirements Union[Path, str, List[str]]

Percorso di un file requirements.txt, un singolo requisito del pacchetto come stringa o un elenco di requisiti del pacchetto come stringhe. o un elenco di requisiti del pacchetto come stringhe.

parent / 'requirements.txt'
exclude Tuple[str]

Tupla di nomi di pacchetti da escludere dal controllo.

()
install bool

Se Vero, tenta di aggiornare automaticamente i pacchetti che non soddisfano i requisiti.

True
cmds str

Comandi aggiuntivi da passare al comando pip install durante l'aggiornamento automatico.

''
Esempio
from ultralytics.utils.checks import check_requirements

# Check a requirements.txt file
check_requirements('path/to/requirements.txt')

# Check a single package
check_requirements('ultralytics>=8.0.0')

# Check multiple packages
check_requirements(['numpy', 'ultralytics>=8.0.0'])
Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
@TryExcept()
def check_requirements(requirements=ROOT.parent / "requirements.txt", exclude=(), install=True, cmds=""):
    """
    Check if installed dependencies meet YOLOv8 requirements and attempt to auto-update if needed.

    Args:
        requirements (Union[Path, str, List[str]]): Path to a requirements.txt file, a single package requirement as a
            string, or a list of package requirements as strings.
        exclude (Tuple[str]): Tuple of package names to exclude from checking.
        install (bool): If True, attempt to auto-update packages that don't meet requirements.
        cmds (str): Additional commands to pass to the pip install command when auto-updating.

    Example:
        ```python
        from ultralytics.utils.checks import check_requirements

        # Check a requirements.txt file
        check_requirements('path/to/requirements.txt')

        # Check a single package
        check_requirements('ultralytics>=8.0.0')

        # Check multiple packages
        check_requirements(['numpy', 'ultralytics>=8.0.0'])
        ```
    """

    prefix = colorstr("red", "bold", "requirements:")
    check_python()  # check python version
    check_torchvision()  # check torch-torchvision compatibility
    if isinstance(requirements, Path):  # requirements.txt file
        file = requirements.resolve()
        assert file.exists(), f"{prefix} {file} not found, check failed."
        requirements = [f"{x.name}{x.specifier}" for x in parse_requirements(file) if x.name not in exclude]
    elif isinstance(requirements, str):
        requirements = [requirements]

    pkgs = []
    for r in requirements:
        r_stripped = r.split("/")[-1].replace(".git", "")  # replace git+https://org/repo.git -> 'repo'
        match = re.match(r"([a-zA-Z0-9-_]+)([<>!=~]+.*)?", r_stripped)
        name, required = match[1], match[2].strip() if match[2] else ""
        try:
            assert check_version(metadata.version(name), required)  # exception if requirements not met
        except (AssertionError, metadata.PackageNotFoundError):
            pkgs.append(r)

    s = " ".join(f'"{x}"' for x in pkgs)  # console string
    if s:
        if install and AUTOINSTALL:  # check environment variable
            n = len(pkgs)  # number of packages updates
            LOGGER.info(f"{prefix} Ultralytics requirement{'s' * (n > 1)} {pkgs} not found, attempting AutoUpdate...")
            try:
                t = time.time()
                assert is_online(), "AutoUpdate skipped (offline)"
                LOGGER.info(subprocess.check_output(f"pip install --no-cache {s} {cmds}", shell=True).decode())
                dt = time.time() - t
                LOGGER.info(
                    f"{prefix} AutoUpdate success ✅ {dt:.1f}s, installed {n} package{'s' * (n > 1)}: {pkgs}\n"
                    f"{prefix} ⚠️ {colorstr('bold', 'Restart runtime or rerun command for updates to take effect')}\n"
                )
            except Exception as e:
                LOGGER.warning(f"{prefix}{e}")
                return False
        else:
            return False

    return True



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_torchvision()

Controlla le versioni installate di PyTorch e Torchvision per verificare che siano compatibili.

Questa funzione controlla le versioni installate di PyTorch e Torchvision e avverte se sono incompatibili in base alla tabella di compatibilità fornita. secondo la tabella di compatibilità fornita, basata su: https://github.com/pytorch/vision#installation.

La tabella di compatibilità è un dizionario in cui le chiavi sono le versioni di PyTorch e i valori sono elenchi di versioni di Torchvision compatibili. Torchvision compatibili.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_torchvision():
    """
    Checks the installed versions of PyTorch and Torchvision to ensure they're compatible.

    This function checks the installed versions of PyTorch and Torchvision, and warns if they're incompatible according
    to the provided compatibility table based on:
    https://github.com/pytorch/vision#installation.

    The compatibility table is a dictionary where the keys are PyTorch versions and the values are lists of compatible
    Torchvision versions.
    """

    import torchvision

    # Compatibility table
    compatibility_table = {"2.0": ["0.15"], "1.13": ["0.14"], "1.12": ["0.13"]}

    # Extract only the major and minor versions
    v_torch = ".".join(torch.__version__.split("+")[0].split(".")[:2])
    v_torchvision = ".".join(torchvision.__version__.split("+")[0].split(".")[:2])

    if v_torch in compatibility_table:
        compatible_versions = compatibility_table[v_torch]
        if all(v_torchvision != v for v in compatible_versions):
            print(
                f"WARNING ⚠️ torchvision=={v_torchvision} is incompatible with torch=={v_torch}.\n"
                f"Run 'pip install torchvision=={compatible_versions[0]}' to fix torchvision or "
                "'pip install -U torch torchvision' to update both.\n"
                "For a full compatibility table see https://github.com/pytorch/vision#installation"
            )



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_suffix(file='yolov8n.pt', suffix='.pt', msg='')

Controlla che i file abbiano un suffisso accettabile.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_suffix(file="yolov8n.pt", suffix=".pt", msg=""):
    """Check file(s) for acceptable suffix."""
    if file and suffix:
        if isinstance(suffix, str):
            suffix = (suffix,)
        for f in file if isinstance(file, (list, tuple)) else [file]:
            s = Path(f).suffix.lower().strip()  # file suffix
            if len(s):
                assert s in suffix, f"{msg}{f} acceptable suffix is {suffix}, not {s}"



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_yolov5u_filename(file, verbose=True)

Sostituisci i nomi dei file YOLOv5 con quelli aggiornati di YOLOv5u.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_yolov5u_filename(file: str, verbose: bool = True):
    """Replace legacy YOLOv5 filenames with updated YOLOv5u filenames."""
    if "yolov3" in file or "yolov5" in file:
        if "u.yaml" in file:
            file = file.replace("u.yaml", ".yaml")  # i.e. yolov5nu.yaml -> yolov5n.yaml
        elif ".pt" in file and "u" not in file:
            original_file = file
            file = re.sub(r"(.*yolov5([nsmlx]))\.pt", "\\1u.pt", file)  # i.e. yolov5n.pt -> yolov5nu.pt
            file = re.sub(r"(.*yolov5([nsmlx])6)\.pt", "\\1u.pt", file)  # i.e. yolov5n6.pt -> yolov5n6u.pt
            file = re.sub(r"(.*yolov3(|-tiny|-spp))\.pt", "\\1u.pt", file)  # i.e. yolov3-spp.pt -> yolov3-sppu.pt
            if file != original_file and verbose:
                LOGGER.info(
                    f"PRO TIP 💡 Replace 'model={original_file}' with new 'model={file}'.\nYOLOv5 'u' models are "
                    f"trained with https://github.com/ultralytics/ultralytics and feature improved performance vs "
                    f"standard YOLOv5 models trained with https://github.com/ultralytics/yolov5.\n"
                )
    return file



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_model_file_from_stem(model='yolov8n')

Restituisce il nome del file di un modello valido.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_model_file_from_stem(model="yolov8n"):
    """Return a model filename from a valid model stem."""
    if model and not Path(model).suffix and Path(model).stem in downloads.GITHUB_ASSETS_STEMS:
        return Path(model).with_suffix(".pt")  # add suffix, i.e. yolov8n -> yolov8n.pt
    else:
        return model



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_file(file, suffix='', download=True, hard=True)

Cerca/scarica il file (se necessario) e restituisce il percorso.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_file(file, suffix="", download=True, hard=True):
    """Search/download file (if necessary) and return path."""
    check_suffix(file, suffix)  # optional
    file = str(file).strip()  # convert to string and strip spaces
    file = check_yolov5u_filename(file)  # yolov5n -> yolov5nu
    if (
        not file
        or ("://" not in file and Path(file).exists())  # '://' check required in Windows Python<3.10
        or file.lower().startswith("grpc://")
    ):  # file exists or gRPC Triton images
        return file
    elif download and file.lower().startswith(("https://", "http://", "rtsp://", "rtmp://", "tcp://")):  # download
        url = file  # warning: Pathlib turns :// -> :/
        file = url2file(file)  # '%2F' to '/', split https://url.com/file.txt?auth
        if Path(file).exists():
            LOGGER.info(f"Found {clean_url(url)} locally at {file}")  # file already exists
        else:
            downloads.safe_download(url=url, file=file, unzip=False)
        return file
    else:  # search
        files = glob.glob(str(ROOT / "cfg" / "**" / file), recursive=True)  # find file
        if not files and hard:
            raise FileNotFoundError(f"'{file}' does not exist")
        elif len(files) > 1 and hard:
            raise FileNotFoundError(f"Multiple files match '{file}', specify exact path: {files}")
        return files[0] if len(files) else []  # return file



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_yaml(file, suffix=('.yaml', '.yml'), hard=True)

Cerca/scarica il file YAML (se necessario) e restituisce il percorso, controllando il suffisso.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_yaml(file, suffix=(".yaml", ".yml"), hard=True):
    """Search/download YAML file (if necessary) and return path, checking suffix."""
    return check_file(file, suffix, hard=hard)



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_is_path_safe(basedir, path)

Controlla se il percorso risolto si trova sotto la directory desiderata per evitare l'attraversamento del percorso.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
basedir Path | str

La directory prevista.

richiesto
path Path | str

Il percorso da controllare.

richiesto

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
bool

Vero se il percorso è sicuro, Falso altrimenti.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_is_path_safe(basedir, path):
    """
    Check if the resolved path is under the intended directory to prevent path traversal.

    Args:
        basedir (Path | str): The intended directory.
        path (Path | str): The path to check.

    Returns:
        (bool): True if the path is safe, False otherwise.
    """
    base_dir_resolved = Path(basedir).resolve()
    path_resolved = Path(path).resolve()

    return path_resolved.is_file() and path_resolved.parts[: len(base_dir_resolved.parts)] == base_dir_resolved.parts



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_imshow(warn=False)

Controlla se l'ambiente supporta la visualizzazione di immagini.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_imshow(warn=False):
    """Check if environment supports image displays."""
    try:
        if LINUX:
            assert "DISPLAY" in os.environ and not is_docker() and not is_colab() and not is_kaggle()
        cv2.imshow("test", np.zeros((8, 8, 3), dtype=np.uint8))  # show a small 8-pixel image
        cv2.waitKey(1)
        cv2.destroyAllWindows()
        cv2.waitKey(1)
        return True
    except Exception as e:
        if warn:
            LOGGER.warning(f"WARNING ⚠️ Environment does not support cv2.imshow() or PIL Image.show()\n{e}")
        return False



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_yolo(verbose=True, device='')

Restituisce un riepilogo del software e dell'hardware di YOLO leggibile dall'uomo.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_yolo(verbose=True, device=""):
    """Return a human-readable YOLO software and hardware summary."""
    import psutil

    from ultralytics.utils.torch_utils import select_device

    if is_jupyter():
        if check_requirements("wandb", install=False):
            os.system("pip uninstall -y wandb")  # uninstall wandb: unwanted account creation prompt with infinite hang
        if is_colab():
            shutil.rmtree("sample_data", ignore_errors=True)  # remove colab /sample_data directory

    if verbose:
        # System info
        gib = 1 << 30  # bytes per GiB
        ram = psutil.virtual_memory().total
        total, used, free = shutil.disk_usage("/")
        s = f"({os.cpu_count()} CPUs, {ram / gib:.1f} GB RAM, {(total - free) / gib:.1f}/{total / gib:.1f} GB disk)"
        with contextlib.suppress(Exception):  # clear display if ipython is installed
            from IPython import display

            display.clear_output()
    else:
        s = ""

    select_device(device=device, newline=False)
    LOGGER.info(f"Setup complete ✅ {s}")



ultralytics.utils.checks.collect_system_info()

Raccogli e stampa le informazioni rilevanti sul sistema, tra cui OS, Python, RAM, CPU e CUDA.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def collect_system_info():
    """Collect and print relevant system information including OS, Python, RAM, CPU, and CUDA."""

    import psutil

    from ultralytics.utils import ENVIRONMENT, is_git_dir
    from ultralytics.utils.torch_utils import get_cpu_info

    ram_info = psutil.virtual_memory().total / (1024**3)  # Convert bytes to GB
    check_yolo()
    LOGGER.info(
        f"\n{'OS':<20}{platform.platform()}\n"
        f"{'Environment':<20}{ENVIRONMENT}\n"
        f"{'Python':<20}{PYTHON_VERSION}\n"
        f"{'Install':<20}{'git' if is_git_dir() else 'pip' if is_pip_package() else 'other'}\n"
        f"{'RAM':<20}{ram_info:.2f} GB\n"
        f"{'CPU':<20}{get_cpu_info()}\n"
        f"{'CUDA':<20}{torch.version.cuda if torch and torch.cuda.is_available() else None}\n"
    )

    for r in parse_requirements(package="ultralytics"):
        try:
            current = metadata.version(r.name)
            is_met = "✅ " if check_version(current, str(r.specifier), hard=True) else "❌ "
        except metadata.PackageNotFoundError:
            current = "(not installed)"
            is_met = "❌ "
        LOGGER.info(f"{r.name:<20}{is_met}{current}{r.specifier}")

    if is_github_action_running():
        LOGGER.info(
            f"\nRUNNER_OS: {os.getenv('RUNNER_OS')}\n"
            f"GITHUB_EVENT_NAME: {os.getenv('GITHUB_EVENT_NAME')}\n"
            f"GITHUB_WORKFLOW: {os.getenv('GITHUB_WORKFLOW')}\n"
            f"GITHUB_ACTOR: {os.getenv('GITHUB_ACTOR')}\n"
            f"GITHUB_REPOSITORY: {os.getenv('GITHUB_REPOSITORY')}\n"
            f"GITHUB_REPOSITORY_OWNER: {os.getenv('GITHUB_REPOSITORY_OWNER')}\n"
        )



ultralytics.utils.checks.check_amp(model)

Questa funzione verifica la funzionalità AMP (Automatic Mixed Precision) di PyTorch di un modello YOLOv8 . Se i controlli fallisce, significa che ci sono anomalie con AMP sul sistema che possono causare perdite NaN o risultati zero-mAP, quindi AMP verrà sarà disabilitato durante l'addestramento.

Parametri:

Nome Tipo Descrizione Predefinito
model Module

Un'istanza del modello YOLOv8 .

richiesto
Esempio
from ultralytics import YOLO
from ultralytics.utils.checks import check_amp

model = YOLO('yolov8n.pt').model.cuda()
check_amp(model)

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
bool

Restituisce True se la funzionalità AMP funziona correttamente con il modello YOLOv8 , altrimenti False.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def check_amp(model):
    """
    This function checks the PyTorch Automatic Mixed Precision (AMP) functionality of a YOLOv8 model. If the checks
    fail, it means there are anomalies with AMP on the system that may cause NaN losses or zero-mAP results, so AMP will
    be disabled during training.

    Args:
        model (nn.Module): A YOLOv8 model instance.

    Example:
        ```python
        from ultralytics import YOLO
        from ultralytics.utils.checks import check_amp

        model = YOLO('yolov8n.pt').model.cuda()
        check_amp(model)
        ```

    Returns:
        (bool): Returns True if the AMP functionality works correctly with YOLOv8 model, else False.
    """
    device = next(model.parameters()).device  # get model device
    if device.type in ("cpu", "mps"):
        return False  # AMP only used on CUDA devices

    def amp_allclose(m, im):
        """All close FP32 vs AMP results."""
        a = m(im, device=device, verbose=False)[0].boxes.data  # FP32 inference
        with torch.cuda.amp.autocast(True):
            b = m(im, device=device, verbose=False)[0].boxes.data  # AMP inference
        del m
        return a.shape == b.shape and torch.allclose(a, b.float(), atol=0.5)  # close to 0.5 absolute tolerance

    im = ASSETS / "bus.jpg"  # image to check
    prefix = colorstr("AMP: ")
    LOGGER.info(f"{prefix}running Automatic Mixed Precision (AMP) checks with YOLOv8n...")
    warning_msg = "Setting 'amp=True'. If you experience zero-mAP or NaN losses you can disable AMP with amp=False."
    try:
        from ultralytics import YOLO

        assert amp_allclose(YOLO("yolov8n.pt"), im)
        LOGGER.info(f"{prefix}checks passed ✅")
    except ConnectionError:
        LOGGER.warning(f"{prefix}checks skipped ⚠️, offline and unable to download YOLOv8n. {warning_msg}")
    except (AttributeError, ModuleNotFoundError):
        LOGGER.warning(
            f"{prefix}checks skipped ⚠️. "
            f"Unable to load YOLOv8n due to possible Ultralytics package modifications. {warning_msg}"
        )
    except AssertionError:
        LOGGER.warning(
            f"{prefix}checks failed ❌. Anomalies were detected with AMP on your system that may lead to "
            f"NaN losses or zero-mAP results, so AMP will be disabled during training."
        )
        return False
    return True



ultralytics.utils.checks.git_describe(path=ROOT)

Restituisce una descrizione git leggibile, ad esempio v5.0-5-g3e25f1e https://git-scm.com/docs/git-describe.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def git_describe(path=ROOT):  # path must be a directory
    """Return human-readable git description, i.e. v5.0-5-g3e25f1e https://git-scm.com/docs/git-describe."""
    with contextlib.suppress(Exception):
        return subprocess.check_output(f"git -C {path} describe --tags --long --always", shell=True).decode()[:-1]
    return ""



ultralytics.utils.checks.print_args(args=None, show_file=True, show_func=False)

Stampa gli argomenti della funzione (dict args opzionale).

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def print_args(args: Optional[dict] = None, show_file=True, show_func=False):
    """Print function arguments (optional args dict)."""

    def strip_auth(v):
        """Clean longer Ultralytics HUB URLs by stripping potential authentication information."""
        return clean_url(v) if (isinstance(v, str) and v.startswith("http") and len(v) > 100) else v

    x = inspect.currentframe().f_back  # previous frame
    file, _, func, _, _ = inspect.getframeinfo(x)
    if args is None:  # get args automatically
        args, _, _, frm = inspect.getargvalues(x)
        args = {k: v for k, v in frm.items() if k in args}
    try:
        file = Path(file).resolve().relative_to(ROOT).with_suffix("")
    except ValueError:
        file = Path(file).stem
    s = (f"{file}: " if show_file else "") + (f"{func}: " if show_func else "")
    LOGGER.info(colorstr(s) + ", ".join(f"{k}={strip_auth(v)}" for k, v in args.items()))



ultralytics.utils.checks.cuda_device_count()

Ottiene il numero di GPU NVIDIA disponibili nell'ambiente.

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
int

Il numero di GPU NVIDIA disponibili.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def cuda_device_count() -> int:
    """
    Get the number of NVIDIA GPUs available in the environment.

    Returns:
        (int): The number of NVIDIA GPUs available.
    """
    try:
        # Run the nvidia-smi command and capture its output
        output = subprocess.check_output(
            ["nvidia-smi", "--query-gpu=count", "--format=csv,noheader,nounits"], encoding="utf-8"
        )

        # Take the first line and strip any leading/trailing white space
        first_line = output.strip().split("\n")[0]

        return int(first_line)
    except (subprocess.CalledProcessError, FileNotFoundError, ValueError):
        # If the command fails, nvidia-smi is not found, or output is not an integer, assume no GPUs are available
        return 0



ultralytics.utils.checks.cuda_is_available()

Controlla se CUDA è disponibile nell'ambiente.

Restituzione:

Tipo Descrizione
bool

Vero se sono disponibili una o più GPU NVIDIA, Falso altrimenti.

Codice sorgente in ultralytics/utils/checks.py
def cuda_is_available() -> bool:
    """
    Check if CUDA is available in the environment.

    Returns:
        (bool): True if one or more NVIDIA GPUs are available, False otherwise.
    """
    return cuda_device_count() > 0





Creato 2023-11-12, Aggiornato 2023-11-25
Autori: glenn-jocher (3), Laughing-q (1)