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Oriented Bounding Box (OBB) Datasets Overview

Training a precise object detection model with oriented bounding boxes (OBB) requires a thorough dataset. This guide explains the various OBB dataset formats compatible with Ultralytics YOLO models, offering insights into their structure, application, and methods for format conversions.

Supported OBB Dataset Formats


The YOLO OBB format designates bounding boxes by their four corner points with coordinates normalized between 0 and 1. It follows this format:

class_index, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3, x4, y4

Internally, YOLO processes losses and outputs in the xywhr format, which represents the bounding box's center point (xy), width, height, and rotation.

OBB format examples

An example of a *.txt label file for the above image, which contains an object of class 0 in OBB format, could look like:

0 0.780811 0.743961 0.782371 0.74686 0.777691 0.752174 0.776131 0.749758


To train a model using these OBB formats:


from ultralytics import YOLO

# Create a new YOLOv8n-OBB model from scratch
model = YOLO('yolov8n-obb.yaml')

# Train the model on the DOTAv2 dataset
results = model.train(data='DOTAv1.yaml', epochs=100, imgsz=640)
# Train a new YOLOv8n-OBB model on the DOTAv2 dataset
yolo detect train data=DOTAv1.yaml epochs=100 imgsz=640

Supported Datasets

Currently, the following datasets with Oriented Bounding Boxes are supported:

  • DOTA v2: DOTA (A Large-scale Dataset for Object Detection in Aerial Images) version 2, emphasizes detection from aerial perspectives and contains oriented bounding boxes with 1.7 million instances and 11,268 images.

  • DOTA8: A small, 8-image subset of the full DOTA dataset suitable for testing workflows and Continuous Integration (CI) checks of OBB training in the ultralytics repository.

Incorporating your own OBB dataset

For those looking to introduce their own datasets with oriented bounding boxes, ensure compatibility with the "YOLO OBB format" mentioned above. Convert your annotations to this required format and detail the paths, classes, and class names in a corresponding YAML configuration file.

Convert Label Formats

DOTA Dataset Format to YOLO OBB Format

Transitioning labels from the DOTA dataset format to the YOLO OBB format can be achieved with this script:


from import convert_dota_to_yolo_obb


This conversion mechanism is instrumental for datasets in the DOTA format, ensuring alignment with the Ultralytics YOLO OBB format.

It's imperative to validate the compatibility of the dataset with your model and adhere to the necessary format conventions. Properly structured datasets are pivotal for training efficient object detection models with oriented bounding boxes.

Created 2023-11-12, Updated 2024-01-25
Authors: glenn-jocher (6)