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VisDrone Dataset

The VisDrone Dataset is a large-scale benchmark created by the AISKYEYE team at the Lab of Machine Learning and Data Mining, Tianjin University, China. It contains carefully annotated ground truth data for various computer vision tasks related to drone-based image and video analysis.

VisDrone is composed of 288 video clips with 261,908 frames and 10,209 static images, captured by various drone-mounted cameras. The dataset covers a wide range of aspects, including location (14 different cities across China), environment (urban and rural), objects (pedestrians, vehicles, bicycles, etc.), and density (sparse and crowded scenes). The dataset was collected using various drone platforms under different scenarios and weather and lighting conditions. These frames are manually annotated with over 2.6 million bounding boxes of targets such as pedestrians, cars, bicycles, and tricycles. Attributes like scene visibility, object class, and occlusion are also provided for better data utilization.

Dataset Structure

The VisDrone dataset is organized into five main subsets, each focusing on a specific task:

  1. Task 1: Object detection in images
  2. Task 2: Object detection in videos
  3. Task 3: Single-object tracking
  4. Task 4: Multi-object tracking
  5. Task 5: Crowd counting


The VisDrone dataset is widely used for training and evaluating deep learning models in drone-based computer vision tasks such as object detection, object tracking, and crowd counting. The dataset's diverse set of sensor data, object annotations, and attributes make it a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners in the field of drone-based computer vision.

Dataset YAML

A YAML (Yet Another Markup Language) file is used to define the dataset configuration. It contains information about the dataset's paths, classes, and other relevant information. In the case of the Visdrone dataset, the VisDrone.yaml file is maintained at


# Ultralytics YOLO 🚀, AGPL-3.0 license
# VisDrone2019-DET dataset by Tianjin University
# Documentation:
# Example usage: yolo train data=VisDrone.yaml
# parent
# ├── ultralytics
# └── datasets
#     └── VisDrone  ← downloads here (2.3 GB)

# Train/val/test sets as 1) dir: path/to/imgs, 2) file: path/to/imgs.txt, or 3) list: [path/to/imgs1, path/to/imgs2, ..]
path: ../datasets/VisDrone # dataset root dir
train: VisDrone2019-DET-train/images # train images (relative to 'path')  6471 images
val: VisDrone2019-DET-val/images # val images (relative to 'path')  548 images
test: VisDrone2019-DET-test-dev/images # test images (optional)  1610 images

# Classes
  0: pedestrian
  1: people
  2: bicycle
  3: car
  4: van
  5: truck
  6: tricycle
  7: awning-tricycle
  8: bus
  9: motor

# Download script/URL (optional) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
download: |
  import os
  from pathlib import Path

  from ultralytics.utils.downloads import download

  def visdrone2yolo(dir):
      from PIL import Image
      from tqdm import tqdm

      def convert_box(size, box):
          # Convert VisDrone box to YOLO xywh box
          dw = 1. / size[0]
          dh = 1. / size[1]
          return (box[0] + box[2] / 2) * dw, (box[1] + box[3] / 2) * dh, box[2] * dw, box[3] * dh

      (dir / 'labels').mkdir(parents=True, exist_ok=True)  # make labels directory
      pbar = tqdm((dir / 'annotations').glob('*.txt'), desc=f'Converting {dir}')
      for f in pbar:
          img_size = / 'images' /'.jpg')).size
          lines = []
          with open(f, 'r') as file:  # read annotation.txt
              for row in [x.split(',') for x in]:
                  if row[4] == '0':  # VisDrone 'ignored regions' class 0
                  cls = int(row[5]) - 1
                  box = convert_box(img_size, tuple(map(int, row[:4])))
                  lines.append(f"{cls} {' '.join(f'{x:.6f}' for x in box)}\n")
                  with open(str(f).replace(f'{os.sep}annotations{os.sep}', f'{os.sep}labels{os.sep}'), 'w') as fl:
                      fl.writelines(lines)  # write label.txt

  # Download
  dir = Path(yaml['path'])  # dataset root dir
  urls = ['',
  download(urls, dir=dir, curl=True, threads=4)

  # Convert
  for d in 'VisDrone2019-DET-train', 'VisDrone2019-DET-val', 'VisDrone2019-DET-test-dev':
      visdrone2yolo(dir / d)  # convert VisDrone annotations to YOLO labels


To train a YOLOv8n model on the VisDrone dataset for 100 epochs with an image size of 640, you can use the following code snippets. For a comprehensive list of available arguments, refer to the model Training page.

Train Example

from ultralytics import YOLO

# Load a model
model = YOLO("")  # load a pretrained model (recommended for training)

# Train the model
results = model.train(data="VisDrone.yaml", epochs=100, imgsz=640)
# Start training from a pretrained *.pt model
yolo detect train data=VisDrone.yaml epochs=100 imgsz=640

Sample Data and Annotations

The VisDrone dataset contains a diverse set of images and videos captured by drone-mounted cameras. Here are some examples of data from the dataset, along with their corresponding annotations:

Dataset sample image

  • Task 1: Object detection in images - This image demonstrates an example of object detection in images, where objects are annotated with bounding boxes. The dataset provides a wide variety of images taken from different locations, environments, and densities to facilitate the development of models for this task.

The example showcases the variety and complexity of the data in the VisDrone dataset and highlights the importance of high-quality sensor data for drone-based computer vision tasks.

Citations and Acknowledgments

If you use the VisDrone dataset in your research or development work, please cite the following paper:

  author={Zhu, Pengfei and Wen, Longyin and Du, Dawei and Bian, Xiao and Fan, Heng and Hu, Qinghua and Ling, Haibin},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence},
  title={Detection and Tracking Meet Drones Challenge},

We would like to acknowledge the AISKYEYE team at the Lab of Machine Learning and Data Mining, Tianjin University, China, for creating and maintaining the VisDrone dataset as a valuable resource for the drone-based computer vision research community. For more information about the VisDrone dataset and its creators, visit the VisDrone Dataset GitHub repository.

Created 2023-11-12, Updated 2024-06-02
Authors: glenn-jocher (5), Laughing-q (1)