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Referência para ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py

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ultralytics.models.utils.loss.DETRLoss

Bases: Module

Classe de perdas DETR (DEtection TRansformer). Esta classe calcula e devolve os diferentes componentes de perda para o modelo de deteção de objectos modelo de deteção de objectos DETR. Calcula a perda de classificação, a perda da caixa delimitadora, a perda GIoU e, opcionalmente, as perdas auxiliares. auxiliares.

Atributos:

Nome Tipo Descrição
nc int

O número de classes.

loss_gain dict

Coeficientes para diferentes componentes de perda.

aux_loss bool

Se calcula as perdas auxiliares.

use_fl bool

Utiliza o FocalLoss ou não.

use_vfl bool

Utiliza o VarifocalLoss ou não.

use_uni_match bool

Se utiliza uma camada fixa para atribuir etiquetas ao ramo auxiliar.

uni_match_ind int

Os índices fixos de uma camada a utilizar se use_uni_match é verdadeiro.

matcher HungarianMatcher

Objeto para calcular o custo de correspondência e os índices.

fl FocalLoss or None

Objeto de perda focal se use_fl é True, caso contrário None.

vfl VarifocalLoss or None

Varifocal Perda de objeto se use_vfl é True, caso contrário None.

device device

Dispositivo no qual os tensores são armazenados.

Código fonte em ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
class DETRLoss(nn.Module):
    """
    DETR (DEtection TRansformer) Loss class. This class calculates and returns the different loss components for the
    DETR object detection model. It computes classification loss, bounding box loss, GIoU loss, and optionally auxiliary
    losses.

    Attributes:
        nc (int): The number of classes.
        loss_gain (dict): Coefficients for different loss components.
        aux_loss (bool): Whether to compute auxiliary losses.
        use_fl (bool): Use FocalLoss or not.
        use_vfl (bool): Use VarifocalLoss or not.
        use_uni_match (bool): Whether to use a fixed layer to assign labels for the auxiliary branch.
        uni_match_ind (int): The fixed indices of a layer to use if `use_uni_match` is True.
        matcher (HungarianMatcher): Object to compute matching cost and indices.
        fl (FocalLoss or None): Focal Loss object if `use_fl` is True, otherwise None.
        vfl (VarifocalLoss or None): Varifocal Loss object if `use_vfl` is True, otherwise None.
        device (torch.device): Device on which tensors are stored.
    """

    def __init__(
        self, nc=80, loss_gain=None, aux_loss=True, use_fl=True, use_vfl=False, use_uni_match=False, uni_match_ind=0
    ):
        """
        DETR loss function.

        Args:
            nc (int): The number of classes.
            loss_gain (dict): The coefficient of loss.
            aux_loss (bool): If 'aux_loss = True', loss at each decoder layer are to be used.
            use_vfl (bool): Use VarifocalLoss or not.
            use_uni_match (bool): Whether to use a fixed layer to assign labels for auxiliary branch.
            uni_match_ind (int): The fixed indices of a layer.
        """
        super().__init__()

        if loss_gain is None:
            loss_gain = {"class": 1, "bbox": 5, "giou": 2, "no_object": 0.1, "mask": 1, "dice": 1}
        self.nc = nc
        self.matcher = HungarianMatcher(cost_gain={"class": 2, "bbox": 5, "giou": 2})
        self.loss_gain = loss_gain
        self.aux_loss = aux_loss
        self.fl = FocalLoss() if use_fl else None
        self.vfl = VarifocalLoss() if use_vfl else None

        self.use_uni_match = use_uni_match
        self.uni_match_ind = uni_match_ind
        self.device = None

    def _get_loss_class(self, pred_scores, targets, gt_scores, num_gts, postfix=""):
        """Computes the classification loss based on predictions, target values, and ground truth scores."""
        # Logits: [b, query, num_classes], gt_class: list[[n, 1]]
        name_class = f"loss_class{postfix}"
        bs, nq = pred_scores.shape[:2]
        # one_hot = F.one_hot(targets, self.nc + 1)[..., :-1]  # (bs, num_queries, num_classes)
        one_hot = torch.zeros((bs, nq, self.nc + 1), dtype=torch.int64, device=targets.device)
        one_hot.scatter_(2, targets.unsqueeze(-1), 1)
        one_hot = one_hot[..., :-1]
        gt_scores = gt_scores.view(bs, nq, 1) * one_hot

        if self.fl:
            if num_gts and self.vfl:
                loss_cls = self.vfl(pred_scores, gt_scores, one_hot)
            else:
                loss_cls = self.fl(pred_scores, one_hot.float())
            loss_cls /= max(num_gts, 1) / nq
        else:
            loss_cls = nn.BCEWithLogitsLoss(reduction="none")(pred_scores, gt_scores).mean(1).sum()  # YOLO CLS loss

        return {name_class: loss_cls.squeeze() * self.loss_gain["class"]}

    def _get_loss_bbox(self, pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, postfix=""):
        """Calculates and returns the bounding box loss and GIoU loss for the predicted and ground truth bounding
        boxes.
        """
        # Boxes: [b, query, 4], gt_bbox: list[[n, 4]]
        name_bbox = f"loss_bbox{postfix}"
        name_giou = f"loss_giou{postfix}"

        loss = {}
        if len(gt_bboxes) == 0:
            loss[name_bbox] = torch.tensor(0.0, device=self.device)
            loss[name_giou] = torch.tensor(0.0, device=self.device)
            return loss

        loss[name_bbox] = self.loss_gain["bbox"] * F.l1_loss(pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, reduction="sum") / len(gt_bboxes)
        loss[name_giou] = 1.0 - bbox_iou(pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, xywh=True, GIoU=True)
        loss[name_giou] = loss[name_giou].sum() / len(gt_bboxes)
        loss[name_giou] = self.loss_gain["giou"] * loss[name_giou]
        return {k: v.squeeze() for k, v in loss.items()}

    # This function is for future RT-DETR Segment models
    # def _get_loss_mask(self, masks, gt_mask, match_indices, postfix=''):
    #     # masks: [b, query, h, w], gt_mask: list[[n, H, W]]
    #     name_mask = f'loss_mask{postfix}'
    #     name_dice = f'loss_dice{postfix}'
    #
    #     loss = {}
    #     if sum(len(a) for a in gt_mask) == 0:
    #         loss[name_mask] = torch.tensor(0., device=self.device)
    #         loss[name_dice] = torch.tensor(0., device=self.device)
    #         return loss
    #
    #     num_gts = len(gt_mask)
    #     src_masks, target_masks = self._get_assigned_bboxes(masks, gt_mask, match_indices)
    #     src_masks = F.interpolate(src_masks.unsqueeze(0), size=target_masks.shape[-2:], mode='bilinear')[0]
    #     # TODO: torch does not have `sigmoid_focal_loss`, but it's not urgent since we don't use mask branch for now.
    #     loss[name_mask] = self.loss_gain['mask'] * F.sigmoid_focal_loss(src_masks, target_masks,
    #                                                                     torch.tensor([num_gts], dtype=torch.float32))
    #     loss[name_dice] = self.loss_gain['dice'] * self._dice_loss(src_masks, target_masks, num_gts)
    #     return loss

    # This function is for future RT-DETR Segment models
    # @staticmethod
    # def _dice_loss(inputs, targets, num_gts):
    #     inputs = F.sigmoid(inputs).flatten(1)
    #     targets = targets.flatten(1)
    #     numerator = 2 * (inputs * targets).sum(1)
    #     denominator = inputs.sum(-1) + targets.sum(-1)
    #     loss = 1 - (numerator + 1) / (denominator + 1)
    #     return loss.sum() / num_gts

    def _get_loss_aux(
        self,
        pred_bboxes,
        pred_scores,
        gt_bboxes,
        gt_cls,
        gt_groups,
        match_indices=None,
        postfix="",
        masks=None,
        gt_mask=None,
    ):
        """Get auxiliary losses."""
        # NOTE: loss class, bbox, giou, mask, dice
        loss = torch.zeros(5 if masks is not None else 3, device=pred_bboxes.device)
        if match_indices is None and self.use_uni_match:
            match_indices = self.matcher(
                pred_bboxes[self.uni_match_ind],
                pred_scores[self.uni_match_ind],
                gt_bboxes,
                gt_cls,
                gt_groups,
                masks=masks[self.uni_match_ind] if masks is not None else None,
                gt_mask=gt_mask,
            )
        for i, (aux_bboxes, aux_scores) in enumerate(zip(pred_bboxes, pred_scores)):
            aux_masks = masks[i] if masks is not None else None
            loss_ = self._get_loss(
                aux_bboxes,
                aux_scores,
                gt_bboxes,
                gt_cls,
                gt_groups,
                masks=aux_masks,
                gt_mask=gt_mask,
                postfix=postfix,
                match_indices=match_indices,
            )
            loss[0] += loss_[f"loss_class{postfix}"]
            loss[1] += loss_[f"loss_bbox{postfix}"]
            loss[2] += loss_[f"loss_giou{postfix}"]
            # if masks is not None and gt_mask is not None:
            #     loss_ = self._get_loss_mask(aux_masks, gt_mask, match_indices, postfix)
            #     loss[3] += loss_[f'loss_mask{postfix}']
            #     loss[4] += loss_[f'loss_dice{postfix}']

        loss = {
            f"loss_class_aux{postfix}": loss[0],
            f"loss_bbox_aux{postfix}": loss[1],
            f"loss_giou_aux{postfix}": loss[2],
        }
        # if masks is not None and gt_mask is not None:
        #     loss[f'loss_mask_aux{postfix}'] = loss[3]
        #     loss[f'loss_dice_aux{postfix}'] = loss[4]
        return loss

    @staticmethod
    def _get_index(match_indices):
        """Returns batch indices, source indices, and destination indices from provided match indices."""
        batch_idx = torch.cat([torch.full_like(src, i) for i, (src, _) in enumerate(match_indices)])
        src_idx = torch.cat([src for (src, _) in match_indices])
        dst_idx = torch.cat([dst for (_, dst) in match_indices])
        return (batch_idx, src_idx), dst_idx

    def _get_assigned_bboxes(self, pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, match_indices):
        """Assigns predicted bounding boxes to ground truth bounding boxes based on the match indices."""
        pred_assigned = torch.cat(
            [
                t[i] if len(i) > 0 else torch.zeros(0, t.shape[-1], device=self.device)
                for t, (i, _) in zip(pred_bboxes, match_indices)
            ]
        )
        gt_assigned = torch.cat(
            [
                t[j] if len(j) > 0 else torch.zeros(0, t.shape[-1], device=self.device)
                for t, (_, j) in zip(gt_bboxes, match_indices)
            ]
        )
        return pred_assigned, gt_assigned

    def _get_loss(
        self,
        pred_bboxes,
        pred_scores,
        gt_bboxes,
        gt_cls,
        gt_groups,
        masks=None,
        gt_mask=None,
        postfix="",
        match_indices=None,
    ):
        """Get losses."""
        if match_indices is None:
            match_indices = self.matcher(
                pred_bboxes, pred_scores, gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, masks=masks, gt_mask=gt_mask
            )

        idx, gt_idx = self._get_index(match_indices)
        pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes = pred_bboxes[idx], gt_bboxes[gt_idx]

        bs, nq = pred_scores.shape[:2]
        targets = torch.full((bs, nq), self.nc, device=pred_scores.device, dtype=gt_cls.dtype)
        targets[idx] = gt_cls[gt_idx]

        gt_scores = torch.zeros([bs, nq], device=pred_scores.device)
        if len(gt_bboxes):
            gt_scores[idx] = bbox_iou(pred_bboxes.detach(), gt_bboxes, xywh=True).squeeze(-1)

        loss = {}
        loss.update(self._get_loss_class(pred_scores, targets, gt_scores, len(gt_bboxes), postfix))
        loss.update(self._get_loss_bbox(pred_bboxes, gt_bboxes, postfix))
        # if masks is not None and gt_mask is not None:
        #     loss.update(self._get_loss_mask(masks, gt_mask, match_indices, postfix))
        return loss

    def forward(self, pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch, postfix="", **kwargs):
        """
        Args:
            pred_bboxes (torch.Tensor): [l, b, query, 4]
            pred_scores (torch.Tensor): [l, b, query, num_classes]
            batch (dict): A dict includes:
                gt_cls (torch.Tensor) with shape [num_gts, ],
                gt_bboxes (torch.Tensor): [num_gts, 4],
                gt_groups (List(int)): a list of batch size length includes the number of gts of each image.
            postfix (str): postfix of loss name.
        """
        self.device = pred_bboxes.device
        match_indices = kwargs.get("match_indices", None)
        gt_cls, gt_bboxes, gt_groups = batch["cls"], batch["bboxes"], batch["gt_groups"]

        total_loss = self._get_loss(
            pred_bboxes[-1], pred_scores[-1], gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, postfix=postfix, match_indices=match_indices
        )

        if self.aux_loss:
            total_loss.update(
                self._get_loss_aux(
                    pred_bboxes[:-1], pred_scores[:-1], gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, match_indices, postfix
                )
            )

        return total_loss

__init__(nc=80, loss_gain=None, aux_loss=True, use_fl=True, use_vfl=False, use_uni_match=False, uni_match_ind=0)

Função de perda DETR.

Parâmetros:

Nome Tipo Descrição Predefinição
nc int

O número de classes.

80
loss_gain dict

O coeficiente de perda.

None
aux_loss bool

Se "aux_loss = True", devem ser utilizadas as perdas em cada camada de descodificador.

True
use_vfl bool

Utiliza o VarifocalLoss ou não.

False
use_uni_match bool

Se utiliza uma camada fixa para atribuir etiquetas ao ramo auxiliar.

False
uni_match_ind int

Os índices fixos de uma camada.

0
Código fonte em ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
def __init__(
    self, nc=80, loss_gain=None, aux_loss=True, use_fl=True, use_vfl=False, use_uni_match=False, uni_match_ind=0
):
    """
    DETR loss function.

    Args:
        nc (int): The number of classes.
        loss_gain (dict): The coefficient of loss.
        aux_loss (bool): If 'aux_loss = True', loss at each decoder layer are to be used.
        use_vfl (bool): Use VarifocalLoss or not.
        use_uni_match (bool): Whether to use a fixed layer to assign labels for auxiliary branch.
        uni_match_ind (int): The fixed indices of a layer.
    """
    super().__init__()

    if loss_gain is None:
        loss_gain = {"class": 1, "bbox": 5, "giou": 2, "no_object": 0.1, "mask": 1, "dice": 1}
    self.nc = nc
    self.matcher = HungarianMatcher(cost_gain={"class": 2, "bbox": 5, "giou": 2})
    self.loss_gain = loss_gain
    self.aux_loss = aux_loss
    self.fl = FocalLoss() if use_fl else None
    self.vfl = VarifocalLoss() if use_vfl else None

    self.use_uni_match = use_uni_match
    self.uni_match_ind = uni_match_ind
    self.device = None

forward(pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch, postfix='', **kwargs)

Parâmetros:

Nome Tipo Descrição Predefinição
pred_bboxes Tensor

[l, b, consulta, 4]

necessário
pred_scores Tensor

[l, b, consulta, num_classes]

necessário
batch dict

Um dict inclui: gt_cls (torch.Tensor) com forma [num_gts, ], gt_bboxes (torch.Tensor): [num_gts, 4], gt_groups (List(int)): uma lista de tamanho de lote inclui o número de gts de cada imagem.

necessário
postfix str

postfix do nome da perda.

''
Código fonte em ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
def forward(self, pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch, postfix="", **kwargs):
    """
    Args:
        pred_bboxes (torch.Tensor): [l, b, query, 4]
        pred_scores (torch.Tensor): [l, b, query, num_classes]
        batch (dict): A dict includes:
            gt_cls (torch.Tensor) with shape [num_gts, ],
            gt_bboxes (torch.Tensor): [num_gts, 4],
            gt_groups (List(int)): a list of batch size length includes the number of gts of each image.
        postfix (str): postfix of loss name.
    """
    self.device = pred_bboxes.device
    match_indices = kwargs.get("match_indices", None)
    gt_cls, gt_bboxes, gt_groups = batch["cls"], batch["bboxes"], batch["gt_groups"]

    total_loss = self._get_loss(
        pred_bboxes[-1], pred_scores[-1], gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, postfix=postfix, match_indices=match_indices
    )

    if self.aux_loss:
        total_loss.update(
            self._get_loss_aux(
                pred_bboxes[:-1], pred_scores[:-1], gt_bboxes, gt_cls, gt_groups, match_indices, postfix
            )
        )

    return total_loss



ultralytics.models.utils.loss.RTDETRDetectionLoss

Bases: DETRLoss

Classe de perda de deteção do Real-Time DeepTracker (RT-DETR) que estende a classe DETRLoss.

Esta classe calcula a perda de deteção para o modelo RT-DETR , que inclui a perda de deteção padrão, bem como uma perda de treino de denoising adicional quando fornecida com metadados de denoising.

Código fonte em ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
class RTDETRDetectionLoss(DETRLoss):
    """
    Real-Time DeepTracker (RT-DETR) Detection Loss class that extends the DETRLoss.

    This class computes the detection loss for the RT-DETR model, which includes the standard detection loss as well as
    an additional denoising training loss when provided with denoising metadata.
    """

    def forward(self, preds, batch, dn_bboxes=None, dn_scores=None, dn_meta=None):
        """
        Forward pass to compute the detection loss.

        Args:
            preds (tuple): Predicted bounding boxes and scores.
            batch (dict): Batch data containing ground truth information.
            dn_bboxes (torch.Tensor, optional): Denoising bounding boxes. Default is None.
            dn_scores (torch.Tensor, optional): Denoising scores. Default is None.
            dn_meta (dict, optional): Metadata for denoising. Default is None.

        Returns:
            (dict): Dictionary containing the total loss and, if applicable, the denoising loss.
        """
        pred_bboxes, pred_scores = preds
        total_loss = super().forward(pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch)

        # Check for denoising metadata to compute denoising training loss
        if dn_meta is not None:
            dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group = dn_meta["dn_pos_idx"], dn_meta["dn_num_group"]
            assert len(batch["gt_groups"]) == len(dn_pos_idx)

            # Get the match indices for denoising
            match_indices = self.get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, batch["gt_groups"])

            # Compute the denoising training loss
            dn_loss = super().forward(dn_bboxes, dn_scores, batch, postfix="_dn", match_indices=match_indices)
            total_loss.update(dn_loss)
        else:
            # If no denoising metadata is provided, set denoising loss to zero
            total_loss.update({f"{k}_dn": torch.tensor(0.0, device=self.device) for k in total_loss.keys()})

        return total_loss

    @staticmethod
    def get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, gt_groups):
        """
        Get the match indices for denoising.

        Args:
            dn_pos_idx (List[torch.Tensor]): List of tensors containing positive indices for denoising.
            dn_num_group (int): Number of denoising groups.
            gt_groups (List[int]): List of integers representing the number of ground truths for each image.

        Returns:
            (List[tuple]): List of tuples containing matched indices for denoising.
        """
        dn_match_indices = []
        idx_groups = torch.as_tensor([0, *gt_groups[:-1]]).cumsum_(0)
        for i, num_gt in enumerate(gt_groups):
            if num_gt > 0:
                gt_idx = torch.arange(end=num_gt, dtype=torch.long) + idx_groups[i]
                gt_idx = gt_idx.repeat(dn_num_group)
                assert len(dn_pos_idx[i]) == len(gt_idx), "Expected the same length, "
                f"but got {len(dn_pos_idx[i])} and {len(gt_idx)} respectively."
                dn_match_indices.append((dn_pos_idx[i], gt_idx))
            else:
                dn_match_indices.append((torch.zeros([0], dtype=torch.long), torch.zeros([0], dtype=torch.long)))
        return dn_match_indices

forward(preds, batch, dn_bboxes=None, dn_scores=None, dn_meta=None)

Passa para a frente para calcular a perda de deteção.

Parâmetros:

Nome Tipo Descrição Predefinição
preds tuple

Previsão de caixas delimitadoras e pontuações.

necessário
batch dict

Dados de lote que contêm informações verdadeiras.

necessário
dn_bboxes Tensor

Elimina o ruído das caixas delimitadoras. A predefinição é Nenhum.

None
dn_scores Tensor

Pontua a redução de ruído. A predefinição é Nenhum.

None
dn_meta dict

Metadados para a redução de ruído. A predefinição é Nenhum.

None

Devolve:

Tipo Descrição
dict

Dicionário que contém a perda total e, se aplicável, a perda de redução de ruído.

Código fonte em ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
def forward(self, preds, batch, dn_bboxes=None, dn_scores=None, dn_meta=None):
    """
    Forward pass to compute the detection loss.

    Args:
        preds (tuple): Predicted bounding boxes and scores.
        batch (dict): Batch data containing ground truth information.
        dn_bboxes (torch.Tensor, optional): Denoising bounding boxes. Default is None.
        dn_scores (torch.Tensor, optional): Denoising scores. Default is None.
        dn_meta (dict, optional): Metadata for denoising. Default is None.

    Returns:
        (dict): Dictionary containing the total loss and, if applicable, the denoising loss.
    """
    pred_bboxes, pred_scores = preds
    total_loss = super().forward(pred_bboxes, pred_scores, batch)

    # Check for denoising metadata to compute denoising training loss
    if dn_meta is not None:
        dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group = dn_meta["dn_pos_idx"], dn_meta["dn_num_group"]
        assert len(batch["gt_groups"]) == len(dn_pos_idx)

        # Get the match indices for denoising
        match_indices = self.get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, batch["gt_groups"])

        # Compute the denoising training loss
        dn_loss = super().forward(dn_bboxes, dn_scores, batch, postfix="_dn", match_indices=match_indices)
        total_loss.update(dn_loss)
    else:
        # If no denoising metadata is provided, set denoising loss to zero
        total_loss.update({f"{k}_dn": torch.tensor(0.0, device=self.device) for k in total_loss.keys()})

    return total_loss

get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, gt_groups) staticmethod

Obtém os índices de correspondência para a redução de ruído.

Parâmetros:

Nome Tipo Descrição Predefinição
dn_pos_idx List[Tensor]

Lista de tensores com índices positivos para denoising.

necessário
dn_num_group int

Número de grupos de redução de ruído.

necessário
gt_groups List[int]

Lista de números inteiros que representam o número de verdades fundamentais para cada imagem.

necessário

Devolve:

Tipo Descrição
List[tuple]

Lista de tuplas que contêm índices correspondentes para denoising.

Código fonte em ultralytics/models/utils/loss.py
@staticmethod
def get_dn_match_indices(dn_pos_idx, dn_num_group, gt_groups):
    """
    Get the match indices for denoising.

    Args:
        dn_pos_idx (List[torch.Tensor]): List of tensors containing positive indices for denoising.
        dn_num_group (int): Number of denoising groups.
        gt_groups (List[int]): List of integers representing the number of ground truths for each image.

    Returns:
        (List[tuple]): List of tuples containing matched indices for denoising.
    """
    dn_match_indices = []
    idx_groups = torch.as_tensor([0, *gt_groups[:-1]]).cumsum_(0)
    for i, num_gt in enumerate(gt_groups):
        if num_gt > 0:
            gt_idx = torch.arange(end=num_gt, dtype=torch.long) + idx_groups[i]
            gt_idx = gt_idx.repeat(dn_num_group)
            assert len(dn_pos_idx[i]) == len(gt_idx), "Expected the same length, "
            f"but got {len(dn_pos_idx[i])} and {len(gt_idx)} respectively."
            dn_match_indices.append((dn_pos_idx[i], gt_idx))
        else:
            dn_match_indices.append((torch.zeros([0], dtype=torch.long), torch.zeros([0], dtype=torch.long)))
    return dn_match_indices





Created 2023-11-12, Updated 2024-06-02
Authors: glenn-jocher (5), Burhan-Q (1), Laughing-q (1)