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Referência para ultralytics/utils/tuner.py

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Este ficheiro está disponível em https://github.com/ultralytics/ ultralytics/blob/main/ ultralytics/utils/tuner .py. Se detectares um problema, por favor ajuda a corrigi-lo contribuindo com um Pull Request 🛠️. Obrigado 🙏!



ultralytics.utils.tuner.run_ray_tune(model, space=None, grace_period=10, gpu_per_trial=None, max_samples=10, **train_args)

Executa a afinação de hiperparâmetros utilizando o Ray Tune.

Parâmetros:

Nome Tipo Descrição Predefinição
model YOLO

Modelo para o sintonizador.

necessário
space dict

O espaço de pesquisa do hiperparâmetro. A predefinição é Nenhum.

None
grace_period int

O período de carência em épocas do programador ASHA. Usa o valor padrão de 10.

10
gpu_per_trial int

O número de GPUs a atribuir por tentativa. A predefinição é Nenhum.

None
max_samples int

O número máximo de tentativas a executar. O valor predefinido é 10.

10
train_args dict

Argumentos adicionais para passar para o train() método. Usa por defeito {}.

{}

Devolve:

Tipo Descrição
dict

Um dicionário que contém os resultados da pesquisa de hiperparâmetros.

Exemplo
from ultralytics import YOLO

# Load a YOLOv8n model
model = YOLO('yolov8n.pt')

# Start tuning hyperparameters for YOLOv8n training on the COCO8 dataset
result_grid = model.tune(data='coco8.yaml', use_ray=True)
Código fonte em ultralytics/utils/tuner.py
def run_ray_tune(
    model, space: dict = None, grace_period: int = 10, gpu_per_trial: int = None, max_samples: int = 10, **train_args
):
    """
    Runs hyperparameter tuning using Ray Tune.

    Args:
        model (YOLO): Model to run the tuner on.
        space (dict, optional): The hyperparameter search space. Defaults to None.
        grace_period (int, optional): The grace period in epochs of the ASHA scheduler. Defaults to 10.
        gpu_per_trial (int, optional): The number of GPUs to allocate per trial. Defaults to None.
        max_samples (int, optional): The maximum number of trials to run. Defaults to 10.
        train_args (dict, optional): Additional arguments to pass to the `train()` method. Defaults to {}.

    Returns:
        (dict): A dictionary containing the results of the hyperparameter search.

    Example:
        ```python
        from ultralytics import YOLO

        # Load a YOLOv8n model
        model = YOLO('yolov8n.pt')

        # Start tuning hyperparameters for YOLOv8n training on the COCO8 dataset
        result_grid = model.tune(data='coco8.yaml', use_ray=True)
        ```
    """

    LOGGER.info("💡 Learn about RayTune at https://docs.ultralytics.com/integrations/ray-tune")
    if train_args is None:
        train_args = {}

    try:
        subprocess.run("pip install ray[tune]".split(), check=True)  # do not add single quotes here

        import ray
        from ray import tune
        from ray.air import RunConfig
        from ray.air.integrations.wandb import WandbLoggerCallback
        from ray.tune.schedulers import ASHAScheduler
    except ImportError:
        raise ModuleNotFoundError('Ray Tune required but not found. To install run: pip install "ray[tune]"')

    try:
        import wandb

        assert hasattr(wandb, "__version__")
    except (ImportError, AssertionError):
        wandb = False

    checks.check_version(ray.__version__, ">=2.0.0", "ray")
    default_space = {
        # 'optimizer': tune.choice(['SGD', 'Adam', 'AdamW', 'NAdam', 'RAdam', 'RMSProp']),
        "lr0": tune.uniform(1e-5, 1e-1),
        "lrf": tune.uniform(0.01, 1.0),  # final OneCycleLR learning rate (lr0 * lrf)
        "momentum": tune.uniform(0.6, 0.98),  # SGD momentum/Adam beta1
        "weight_decay": tune.uniform(0.0, 0.001),  # optimizer weight decay 5e-4
        "warmup_epochs": tune.uniform(0.0, 5.0),  # warmup epochs (fractions ok)
        "warmup_momentum": tune.uniform(0.0, 0.95),  # warmup initial momentum
        "box": tune.uniform(0.02, 0.2),  # box loss gain
        "cls": tune.uniform(0.2, 4.0),  # cls loss gain (scale with pixels)
        "hsv_h": tune.uniform(0.0, 0.1),  # image HSV-Hue augmentation (fraction)
        "hsv_s": tune.uniform(0.0, 0.9),  # image HSV-Saturation augmentation (fraction)
        "hsv_v": tune.uniform(0.0, 0.9),  # image HSV-Value augmentation (fraction)
        "degrees": tune.uniform(0.0, 45.0),  # image rotation (+/- deg)
        "translate": tune.uniform(0.0, 0.9),  # image translation (+/- fraction)
        "scale": tune.uniform(0.0, 0.9),  # image scale (+/- gain)
        "shear": tune.uniform(0.0, 10.0),  # image shear (+/- deg)
        "perspective": tune.uniform(0.0, 0.001),  # image perspective (+/- fraction), range 0-0.001
        "flipud": tune.uniform(0.0, 1.0),  # image flip up-down (probability)
        "fliplr": tune.uniform(0.0, 1.0),  # image flip left-right (probability)
        "bgr": tune.uniform(0.0, 1.0),  # image channel BGR (probability)
        "mosaic": tune.uniform(0.0, 1.0),  # image mixup (probability)
        "mixup": tune.uniform(0.0, 1.0),  # image mixup (probability)
        "copy_paste": tune.uniform(0.0, 1.0),  # segment copy-paste (probability)
    }

    # Put the model in ray store
    task = model.task
    model_in_store = ray.put(model)

    def _tune(config):
        """
        Trains the YOLO model with the specified hyperparameters and additional arguments.

        Args:
            config (dict): A dictionary of hyperparameters to use for training.

        Returns:
            None
        """
        model_to_train = ray.get(model_in_store)  # get the model from ray store for tuning
        model_to_train.reset_callbacks()
        config.update(train_args)
        results = model_to_train.train(**config)
        return results.results_dict

    # Get search space
    if not space:
        space = default_space
        LOGGER.warning("WARNING ⚠️ search space not provided, using default search space.")

    # Get dataset
    data = train_args.get("data", TASK2DATA[task])
    space["data"] = data
    if "data" not in train_args:
        LOGGER.warning(f'WARNING ⚠️ data not provided, using default "data={data}".')

    # Define the trainable function with allocated resources
    trainable_with_resources = tune.with_resources(_tune, {"cpu": NUM_THREADS, "gpu": gpu_per_trial or 0})

    # Define the ASHA scheduler for hyperparameter search
    asha_scheduler = ASHAScheduler(
        time_attr="epoch",
        metric=TASK2METRIC[task],
        mode="max",
        max_t=train_args.get("epochs") or DEFAULT_CFG_DICT["epochs"] or 100,
        grace_period=grace_period,
        reduction_factor=3,
    )

    # Define the callbacks for the hyperparameter search
    tuner_callbacks = [WandbLoggerCallback(project="YOLOv8-tune")] if wandb else []

    # Create the Ray Tune hyperparameter search tuner
    tune_dir = get_save_dir(DEFAULT_CFG, name="tune").resolve()  # must be absolute dir
    tune_dir.mkdir(parents=True, exist_ok=True)
    tuner = tune.Tuner(
        trainable_with_resources,
        param_space=space,
        tune_config=tune.TuneConfig(scheduler=asha_scheduler, num_samples=max_samples),
        run_config=RunConfig(callbacks=tuner_callbacks, storage_path=tune_dir),
    )

    # Run the hyperparameter search
    tuner.fit()

    # Return the results of the hyperparameter search
    return tuner.get_results()





Criado em 2023-11-12, Atualizado em 2024-05-18
Autores: glenn-jocher (4), Burhan-Q (1)