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ultralytics.nn.modules.head.Detect

Bases: Module

YOLOv8 Detecta a cabeça para modelos de deteção.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
class Detect(nn.Module):
    """YOLOv8 Detect head for detection models."""

    dynamic = False  # force grid reconstruction
    export = False  # export mode
    shape = None
    anchors = torch.empty(0)  # init
    strides = torch.empty(0)  # init

    def __init__(self, nc=80, ch=()):
        """Initializes the YOLOv8 detection layer with specified number of classes and channels."""
        super().__init__()
        self.nc = nc  # number of classes
        self.nl = len(ch)  # number of detection layers
        self.reg_max = 16  # DFL channels (ch[0] // 16 to scale 4/8/12/16/20 for n/s/m/l/x)
        self.no = nc + self.reg_max * 4  # number of outputs per anchor
        self.stride = torch.zeros(self.nl)  # strides computed during build
        c2, c3 = max((16, ch[0] // 4, self.reg_max * 4)), max(ch[0], min(self.nc, 100))  # channels
        self.cv2 = nn.ModuleList(
            nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c2, 3), Conv(c2, c2, 3), nn.Conv2d(c2, 4 * self.reg_max, 1)) for x in ch
        )
        self.cv3 = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c3, 3), Conv(c3, c3, 3), nn.Conv2d(c3, self.nc, 1)) for x in ch)
        self.dfl = DFL(self.reg_max) if self.reg_max > 1 else nn.Identity()

    def forward(self, x):
        """Concatenates and returns predicted bounding boxes and class probabilities."""
        for i in range(self.nl):
            x[i] = torch.cat((self.cv2[i](x[i]), self.cv3[i](x[i])), 1)
        if self.training:  # Training path
            return x

        # Inference path
        shape = x[0].shape  # BCHW
        x_cat = torch.cat([xi.view(shape[0], self.no, -1) for xi in x], 2)
        if self.dynamic or self.shape != shape:
            self.anchors, self.strides = (x.transpose(0, 1) for x in make_anchors(x, self.stride, 0.5))
            self.shape = shape

        if self.export and self.format in ("saved_model", "pb", "tflite", "edgetpu", "tfjs"):  # avoid TF FlexSplitV ops
            box = x_cat[:, : self.reg_max * 4]
            cls = x_cat[:, self.reg_max * 4 :]
        else:
            box, cls = x_cat.split((self.reg_max * 4, self.nc), 1)

        if self.export and self.format in ("tflite", "edgetpu"):
            # Precompute normalization factor to increase numerical stability
            # See https://github.com/ultralytics/ultralytics/issues/7371
            grid_h = shape[2]
            grid_w = shape[3]
            grid_size = torch.tensor([grid_w, grid_h, grid_w, grid_h], device=box.device).reshape(1, 4, 1)
            norm = self.strides / (self.stride[0] * grid_size)
            dbox = self.decode_bboxes(self.dfl(box) * norm, self.anchors.unsqueeze(0) * norm[:, :2])
        else:
            dbox = self.decode_bboxes(self.dfl(box), self.anchors.unsqueeze(0)) * self.strides

        y = torch.cat((dbox, cls.sigmoid()), 1)
        return y if self.export else (y, x)

    def bias_init(self):
        """Initialize Detect() biases, WARNING: requires stride availability."""
        m = self  # self.model[-1]  # Detect() module
        # cf = torch.bincount(torch.tensor(np.concatenate(dataset.labels, 0)[:, 0]).long(), minlength=nc) + 1
        # ncf = math.log(0.6 / (m.nc - 0.999999)) if cf is None else torch.log(cf / cf.sum())  # nominal class frequency
        for a, b, s in zip(m.cv2, m.cv3, m.stride):  # from
            a[-1].bias.data[:] = 1.0  # box
            b[-1].bias.data[: m.nc] = math.log(5 / m.nc / (640 / s) ** 2)  # cls (.01 objects, 80 classes, 640 img)

    def decode_bboxes(self, bboxes, anchors):
        """Decode bounding boxes."""
        return dist2bbox(bboxes, anchors, xywh=True, dim=1)

__init__(nc=80, ch=())

Inicializa a camada de deteção YOLOv8 com o número especificado de classes e canais.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def __init__(self, nc=80, ch=()):
    """Initializes the YOLOv8 detection layer with specified number of classes and channels."""
    super().__init__()
    self.nc = nc  # number of classes
    self.nl = len(ch)  # number of detection layers
    self.reg_max = 16  # DFL channels (ch[0] // 16 to scale 4/8/12/16/20 for n/s/m/l/x)
    self.no = nc + self.reg_max * 4  # number of outputs per anchor
    self.stride = torch.zeros(self.nl)  # strides computed during build
    c2, c3 = max((16, ch[0] // 4, self.reg_max * 4)), max(ch[0], min(self.nc, 100))  # channels
    self.cv2 = nn.ModuleList(
        nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c2, 3), Conv(c2, c2, 3), nn.Conv2d(c2, 4 * self.reg_max, 1)) for x in ch
    )
    self.cv3 = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c3, 3), Conv(c3, c3, 3), nn.Conv2d(c3, self.nc, 1)) for x in ch)
    self.dfl = DFL(self.reg_max) if self.reg_max > 1 else nn.Identity()

bias_init()

Inicializa as tendências de Detetar(), AVISO: requer disponibilidade de stride.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def bias_init(self):
    """Initialize Detect() biases, WARNING: requires stride availability."""
    m = self  # self.model[-1]  # Detect() module
    # cf = torch.bincount(torch.tensor(np.concatenate(dataset.labels, 0)[:, 0]).long(), minlength=nc) + 1
    # ncf = math.log(0.6 / (m.nc - 0.999999)) if cf is None else torch.log(cf / cf.sum())  # nominal class frequency
    for a, b, s in zip(m.cv2, m.cv3, m.stride):  # from
        a[-1].bias.data[:] = 1.0  # box
        b[-1].bias.data[: m.nc] = math.log(5 / m.nc / (640 / s) ** 2)  # cls (.01 objects, 80 classes, 640 img)

decode_bboxes(bboxes, anchors)

Descodifica as caixas delimitadoras.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def decode_bboxes(self, bboxes, anchors):
    """Decode bounding boxes."""
    return dist2bbox(bboxes, anchors, xywh=True, dim=1)

forward(x)

Concatena e devolve caixas delimitadoras previstas e probabilidades de classe.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def forward(self, x):
    """Concatenates and returns predicted bounding boxes and class probabilities."""
    for i in range(self.nl):
        x[i] = torch.cat((self.cv2[i](x[i]), self.cv3[i](x[i])), 1)
    if self.training:  # Training path
        return x

    # Inference path
    shape = x[0].shape  # BCHW
    x_cat = torch.cat([xi.view(shape[0], self.no, -1) for xi in x], 2)
    if self.dynamic or self.shape != shape:
        self.anchors, self.strides = (x.transpose(0, 1) for x in make_anchors(x, self.stride, 0.5))
        self.shape = shape

    if self.export and self.format in ("saved_model", "pb", "tflite", "edgetpu", "tfjs"):  # avoid TF FlexSplitV ops
        box = x_cat[:, : self.reg_max * 4]
        cls = x_cat[:, self.reg_max * 4 :]
    else:
        box, cls = x_cat.split((self.reg_max * 4, self.nc), 1)

    if self.export and self.format in ("tflite", "edgetpu"):
        # Precompute normalization factor to increase numerical stability
        # See https://github.com/ultralytics/ultralytics/issues/7371
        grid_h = shape[2]
        grid_w = shape[3]
        grid_size = torch.tensor([grid_w, grid_h, grid_w, grid_h], device=box.device).reshape(1, 4, 1)
        norm = self.strides / (self.stride[0] * grid_size)
        dbox = self.decode_bboxes(self.dfl(box) * norm, self.anchors.unsqueeze(0) * norm[:, :2])
    else:
        dbox = self.decode_bboxes(self.dfl(box), self.anchors.unsqueeze(0)) * self.strides

    y = torch.cat((dbox, cls.sigmoid()), 1)
    return y if self.export else (y, x)



ultralytics.nn.modules.head.Segment

Bases: Detect

YOLOv8 Cabeça de segmento para modelos de segmentação.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
class Segment(Detect):
    """YOLOv8 Segment head for segmentation models."""

    def __init__(self, nc=80, nm=32, npr=256, ch=()):
        """Initialize the YOLO model attributes such as the number of masks, prototypes, and the convolution layers."""
        super().__init__(nc, ch)
        self.nm = nm  # number of masks
        self.npr = npr  # number of protos
        self.proto = Proto(ch[0], self.npr, self.nm)  # protos
        self.detect = Detect.forward

        c4 = max(ch[0] // 4, self.nm)
        self.cv4 = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c4, 3), Conv(c4, c4, 3), nn.Conv2d(c4, self.nm, 1)) for x in ch)

    def forward(self, x):
        """Return model outputs and mask coefficients if training, otherwise return outputs and mask coefficients."""
        p = self.proto(x[0])  # mask protos
        bs = p.shape[0]  # batch size

        mc = torch.cat([self.cv4[i](x[i]).view(bs, self.nm, -1) for i in range(self.nl)], 2)  # mask coefficients
        x = self.detect(self, x)
        if self.training:
            return x, mc, p
        return (torch.cat([x, mc], 1), p) if self.export else (torch.cat([x[0], mc], 1), (x[1], mc, p))

__init__(nc=80, nm=32, npr=256, ch=())

Inicializa os atributos do modelo YOLO , como o número de máscaras, protótipos e camadas de convolução.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def __init__(self, nc=80, nm=32, npr=256, ch=()):
    """Initialize the YOLO model attributes such as the number of masks, prototypes, and the convolution layers."""
    super().__init__(nc, ch)
    self.nm = nm  # number of masks
    self.npr = npr  # number of protos
    self.proto = Proto(ch[0], self.npr, self.nm)  # protos
    self.detect = Detect.forward

    c4 = max(ch[0] // 4, self.nm)
    self.cv4 = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c4, 3), Conv(c4, c4, 3), nn.Conv2d(c4, self.nm, 1)) for x in ch)

forward(x)

Devolve os resultados do modelo e os coeficientes da máscara se estiver a treinar; caso contrário, devolve os resultados e os coeficientes da máscara.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def forward(self, x):
    """Return model outputs and mask coefficients if training, otherwise return outputs and mask coefficients."""
    p = self.proto(x[0])  # mask protos
    bs = p.shape[0]  # batch size

    mc = torch.cat([self.cv4[i](x[i]).view(bs, self.nm, -1) for i in range(self.nl)], 2)  # mask coefficients
    x = self.detect(self, x)
    if self.training:
        return x, mc, p
    return (torch.cat([x, mc], 1), p) if self.export else (torch.cat([x[0], mc], 1), (x[1], mc, p))



ultralytics.nn.modules.head.OBB

Bases: Detect

YOLOv8 Cabeça de deteção OBB para deteção com modelos de rotação.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
class OBB(Detect):
    """YOLOv8 OBB detection head for detection with rotation models."""

    def __init__(self, nc=80, ne=1, ch=()):
        """Initialize OBB with number of classes `nc` and layer channels `ch`."""
        super().__init__(nc, ch)
        self.ne = ne  # number of extra parameters
        self.detect = Detect.forward

        c4 = max(ch[0] // 4, self.ne)
        self.cv4 = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c4, 3), Conv(c4, c4, 3), nn.Conv2d(c4, self.ne, 1)) for x in ch)

    def forward(self, x):
        """Concatenates and returns predicted bounding boxes and class probabilities."""
        bs = x[0].shape[0]  # batch size
        angle = torch.cat([self.cv4[i](x[i]).view(bs, self.ne, -1) for i in range(self.nl)], 2)  # OBB theta logits
        # NOTE: set `angle` as an attribute so that `decode_bboxes` could use it.
        angle = (angle.sigmoid() - 0.25) * math.pi  # [-pi/4, 3pi/4]
        # angle = angle.sigmoid() * math.pi / 2  # [0, pi/2]
        if not self.training:
            self.angle = angle
        x = self.detect(self, x)
        if self.training:
            return x, angle
        return torch.cat([x, angle], 1) if self.export else (torch.cat([x[0], angle], 1), (x[1], angle))

    def decode_bboxes(self, bboxes, anchors):
        """Decode rotated bounding boxes."""
        return dist2rbox(bboxes, self.angle, anchors, dim=1)

__init__(nc=80, ne=1, ch=())

Inicializa o OBB com o número de classes nc e canais de camadas ch.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def __init__(self, nc=80, ne=1, ch=()):
    """Initialize OBB with number of classes `nc` and layer channels `ch`."""
    super().__init__(nc, ch)
    self.ne = ne  # number of extra parameters
    self.detect = Detect.forward

    c4 = max(ch[0] // 4, self.ne)
    self.cv4 = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c4, 3), Conv(c4, c4, 3), nn.Conv2d(c4, self.ne, 1)) for x in ch)

decode_bboxes(bboxes, anchors)

Descodifica caixas delimitadoras rodadas.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def decode_bboxes(self, bboxes, anchors):
    """Decode rotated bounding boxes."""
    return dist2rbox(bboxes, self.angle, anchors, dim=1)

forward(x)

Concatena e devolve caixas delimitadoras previstas e probabilidades de classe.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def forward(self, x):
    """Concatenates and returns predicted bounding boxes and class probabilities."""
    bs = x[0].shape[0]  # batch size
    angle = torch.cat([self.cv4[i](x[i]).view(bs, self.ne, -1) for i in range(self.nl)], 2)  # OBB theta logits
    # NOTE: set `angle` as an attribute so that `decode_bboxes` could use it.
    angle = (angle.sigmoid() - 0.25) * math.pi  # [-pi/4, 3pi/4]
    # angle = angle.sigmoid() * math.pi / 2  # [0, pi/2]
    if not self.training:
        self.angle = angle
    x = self.detect(self, x)
    if self.training:
        return x, angle
    return torch.cat([x, angle], 1) if self.export else (torch.cat([x[0], angle], 1), (x[1], angle))



ultralytics.nn.modules.head.Pose

Bases: Detect

YOLOv8 Pose a cabeça para modelos de pontos-chave.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
class Pose(Detect):
    """YOLOv8 Pose head for keypoints models."""

    def __init__(self, nc=80, kpt_shape=(17, 3), ch=()):
        """Initialize YOLO network with default parameters and Convolutional Layers."""
        super().__init__(nc, ch)
        self.kpt_shape = kpt_shape  # number of keypoints, number of dims (2 for x,y or 3 for x,y,visible)
        self.nk = kpt_shape[0] * kpt_shape[1]  # number of keypoints total
        self.detect = Detect.forward

        c4 = max(ch[0] // 4, self.nk)
        self.cv4 = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c4, 3), Conv(c4, c4, 3), nn.Conv2d(c4, self.nk, 1)) for x in ch)

    def forward(self, x):
        """Perform forward pass through YOLO model and return predictions."""
        bs = x[0].shape[0]  # batch size
        kpt = torch.cat([self.cv4[i](x[i]).view(bs, self.nk, -1) for i in range(self.nl)], -1)  # (bs, 17*3, h*w)
        x = self.detect(self, x)
        if self.training:
            return x, kpt
        pred_kpt = self.kpts_decode(bs, kpt)
        return torch.cat([x, pred_kpt], 1) if self.export else (torch.cat([x[0], pred_kpt], 1), (x[1], kpt))

    def kpts_decode(self, bs, kpts):
        """Decodes keypoints."""
        ndim = self.kpt_shape[1]
        if self.export:  # required for TFLite export to avoid 'PLACEHOLDER_FOR_GREATER_OP_CODES' bug
            y = kpts.view(bs, *self.kpt_shape, -1)
            a = (y[:, :, :2] * 2.0 + (self.anchors - 0.5)) * self.strides
            if ndim == 3:
                a = torch.cat((a, y[:, :, 2:3].sigmoid()), 2)
            return a.view(bs, self.nk, -1)
        else:
            y = kpts.clone()
            if ndim == 3:
                y[:, 2::3] = y[:, 2::3].sigmoid()  # sigmoid (WARNING: inplace .sigmoid_() Apple MPS bug)
            y[:, 0::ndim] = (y[:, 0::ndim] * 2.0 + (self.anchors[0] - 0.5)) * self.strides
            y[:, 1::ndim] = (y[:, 1::ndim] * 2.0 + (self.anchors[1] - 0.5)) * self.strides
            return y

__init__(nc=80, kpt_shape=(17, 3), ch=())

Inicializa a rede YOLO com os parâmetros predefinidos e as camadas convolucionais.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def __init__(self, nc=80, kpt_shape=(17, 3), ch=()):
    """Initialize YOLO network with default parameters and Convolutional Layers."""
    super().__init__(nc, ch)
    self.kpt_shape = kpt_shape  # number of keypoints, number of dims (2 for x,y or 3 for x,y,visible)
    self.nk = kpt_shape[0] * kpt_shape[1]  # number of keypoints total
    self.detect = Detect.forward

    c4 = max(ch[0] // 4, self.nk)
    self.cv4 = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(Conv(x, c4, 3), Conv(c4, c4, 3), nn.Conv2d(c4, self.nk, 1)) for x in ch)

forward(x)

Executa a passagem para a frente através do modelo YOLO e devolve as previsões.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def forward(self, x):
    """Perform forward pass through YOLO model and return predictions."""
    bs = x[0].shape[0]  # batch size
    kpt = torch.cat([self.cv4[i](x[i]).view(bs, self.nk, -1) for i in range(self.nl)], -1)  # (bs, 17*3, h*w)
    x = self.detect(self, x)
    if self.training:
        return x, kpt
    pred_kpt = self.kpts_decode(bs, kpt)
    return torch.cat([x, pred_kpt], 1) if self.export else (torch.cat([x[0], pred_kpt], 1), (x[1], kpt))

kpts_decode(bs, kpts)

Descodifica os pontos-chave.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def kpts_decode(self, bs, kpts):
    """Decodes keypoints."""
    ndim = self.kpt_shape[1]
    if self.export:  # required for TFLite export to avoid 'PLACEHOLDER_FOR_GREATER_OP_CODES' bug
        y = kpts.view(bs, *self.kpt_shape, -1)
        a = (y[:, :, :2] * 2.0 + (self.anchors - 0.5)) * self.strides
        if ndim == 3:
            a = torch.cat((a, y[:, :, 2:3].sigmoid()), 2)
        return a.view(bs, self.nk, -1)
    else:
        y = kpts.clone()
        if ndim == 3:
            y[:, 2::3] = y[:, 2::3].sigmoid()  # sigmoid (WARNING: inplace .sigmoid_() Apple MPS bug)
        y[:, 0::ndim] = (y[:, 0::ndim] * 2.0 + (self.anchors[0] - 0.5)) * self.strides
        y[:, 1::ndim] = (y[:, 1::ndim] * 2.0 + (self.anchors[1] - 0.5)) * self.strides
        return y



ultralytics.nn.modules.head.Classify

Bases: Module

YOLOv8 cabeça de classificação, ou seja, x(b,c1,20,20) para x(b,c2).

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
class Classify(nn.Module):
    """YOLOv8 classification head, i.e. x(b,c1,20,20) to x(b,c2)."""

    def __init__(self, c1, c2, k=1, s=1, p=None, g=1):
        """Initializes YOLOv8 classification head with specified input and output channels, kernel size, stride,
        padding, and groups.
        """
        super().__init__()
        c_ = 1280  # efficientnet_b0 size
        self.conv = Conv(c1, c_, k, s, p, g)
        self.pool = nn.AdaptiveAvgPool2d(1)  # to x(b,c_,1,1)
        self.drop = nn.Dropout(p=0.0, inplace=True)
        self.linear = nn.Linear(c_, c2)  # to x(b,c2)

    def forward(self, x):
        """Performs a forward pass of the YOLO model on input image data."""
        if isinstance(x, list):
            x = torch.cat(x, 1)
        x = self.linear(self.drop(self.pool(self.conv(x)).flatten(1)))
        return x if self.training else x.softmax(1)

__init__(c1, c2, k=1, s=1, p=None, g=1)

Inicializa a cabeça de classificação YOLOv8 com os canais de entrada e saída especificados, tamanho do kernel, stride, preenchimento e grupos.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def __init__(self, c1, c2, k=1, s=1, p=None, g=1):
    """Initializes YOLOv8 classification head with specified input and output channels, kernel size, stride,
    padding, and groups.
    """
    super().__init__()
    c_ = 1280  # efficientnet_b0 size
    self.conv = Conv(c1, c_, k, s, p, g)
    self.pool = nn.AdaptiveAvgPool2d(1)  # to x(b,c_,1,1)
    self.drop = nn.Dropout(p=0.0, inplace=True)
    self.linear = nn.Linear(c_, c2)  # to x(b,c2)

forward(x)

Executa uma passagem para a frente do modelo YOLO nos dados de imagem de entrada.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def forward(self, x):
    """Performs a forward pass of the YOLO model on input image data."""
    if isinstance(x, list):
        x = torch.cat(x, 1)
    x = self.linear(self.drop(self.pool(self.conv(x)).flatten(1)))
    return x if self.training else x.softmax(1)



ultralytics.nn.modules.head.RTDETRDecoder

Bases: Module

Módulo de descodificador de transformada deformável em tempo real (RTDETRDecoder) para deteção de objectos.

Este módulo descodificador utiliza a arquitetura Transformer juntamente com convoluções deformáveis para prever caixas delimitadoras e etiquetas de classe para objectos numa imagem. Integra características de várias camadas e passa por uma série de camadas de descodificador camadas do descodificador Transformer para produzir as previsões finais.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
class RTDETRDecoder(nn.Module):
    """
    Real-Time Deformable Transformer Decoder (RTDETRDecoder) module for object detection.

    This decoder module utilizes Transformer architecture along with deformable convolutions to predict bounding boxes
    and class labels for objects in an image. It integrates features from multiple layers and runs through a series of
    Transformer decoder layers to output the final predictions.
    """

    export = False  # export mode

    def __init__(
        self,
        nc=80,
        ch=(512, 1024, 2048),
        hd=256,  # hidden dim
        nq=300,  # num queries
        ndp=4,  # num decoder points
        nh=8,  # num head
        ndl=6,  # num decoder layers
        d_ffn=1024,  # dim of feedforward
        dropout=0.0,
        act=nn.ReLU(),
        eval_idx=-1,
        # Training args
        nd=100,  # num denoising
        label_noise_ratio=0.5,
        box_noise_scale=1.0,
        learnt_init_query=False,
    ):
        """
        Initializes the RTDETRDecoder module with the given parameters.

        Args:
            nc (int): Number of classes. Default is 80.
            ch (tuple): Channels in the backbone feature maps. Default is (512, 1024, 2048).
            hd (int): Dimension of hidden layers. Default is 256.
            nq (int): Number of query points. Default is 300.
            ndp (int): Number of decoder points. Default is 4.
            nh (int): Number of heads in multi-head attention. Default is 8.
            ndl (int): Number of decoder layers. Default is 6.
            d_ffn (int): Dimension of the feed-forward networks. Default is 1024.
            dropout (float): Dropout rate. Default is 0.
            act (nn.Module): Activation function. Default is nn.ReLU.
            eval_idx (int): Evaluation index. Default is -1.
            nd (int): Number of denoising. Default is 100.
            label_noise_ratio (float): Label noise ratio. Default is 0.5.
            box_noise_scale (float): Box noise scale. Default is 1.0.
            learnt_init_query (bool): Whether to learn initial query embeddings. Default is False.
        """
        super().__init__()
        self.hidden_dim = hd
        self.nhead = nh
        self.nl = len(ch)  # num level
        self.nc = nc
        self.num_queries = nq
        self.num_decoder_layers = ndl

        # Backbone feature projection
        self.input_proj = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(nn.Conv2d(x, hd, 1, bias=False), nn.BatchNorm2d(hd)) for x in ch)
        # NOTE: simplified version but it's not consistent with .pt weights.
        # self.input_proj = nn.ModuleList(Conv(x, hd, act=False) for x in ch)

        # Transformer module
        decoder_layer = DeformableTransformerDecoderLayer(hd, nh, d_ffn, dropout, act, self.nl, ndp)
        self.decoder = DeformableTransformerDecoder(hd, decoder_layer, ndl, eval_idx)

        # Denoising part
        self.denoising_class_embed = nn.Embedding(nc, hd)
        self.num_denoising = nd
        self.label_noise_ratio = label_noise_ratio
        self.box_noise_scale = box_noise_scale

        # Decoder embedding
        self.learnt_init_query = learnt_init_query
        if learnt_init_query:
            self.tgt_embed = nn.Embedding(nq, hd)
        self.query_pos_head = MLP(4, 2 * hd, hd, num_layers=2)

        # Encoder head
        self.enc_output = nn.Sequential(nn.Linear(hd, hd), nn.LayerNorm(hd))
        self.enc_score_head = nn.Linear(hd, nc)
        self.enc_bbox_head = MLP(hd, hd, 4, num_layers=3)

        # Decoder head
        self.dec_score_head = nn.ModuleList([nn.Linear(hd, nc) for _ in range(ndl)])
        self.dec_bbox_head = nn.ModuleList([MLP(hd, hd, 4, num_layers=3) for _ in range(ndl)])

        self._reset_parameters()

    def forward(self, x, batch=None):
        """Runs the forward pass of the module, returning bounding box and classification scores for the input."""
        from ultralytics.models.utils.ops import get_cdn_group

        # Input projection and embedding
        feats, shapes = self._get_encoder_input(x)

        # Prepare denoising training
        dn_embed, dn_bbox, attn_mask, dn_meta = get_cdn_group(
            batch,
            self.nc,
            self.num_queries,
            self.denoising_class_embed.weight,
            self.num_denoising,
            self.label_noise_ratio,
            self.box_noise_scale,
            self.training,
        )

        embed, refer_bbox, enc_bboxes, enc_scores = self._get_decoder_input(feats, shapes, dn_embed, dn_bbox)

        # Decoder
        dec_bboxes, dec_scores = self.decoder(
            embed,
            refer_bbox,
            feats,
            shapes,
            self.dec_bbox_head,
            self.dec_score_head,
            self.query_pos_head,
            attn_mask=attn_mask,
        )
        x = dec_bboxes, dec_scores, enc_bboxes, enc_scores, dn_meta
        if self.training:
            return x
        # (bs, 300, 4+nc)
        y = torch.cat((dec_bboxes.squeeze(0), dec_scores.squeeze(0).sigmoid()), -1)
        return y if self.export else (y, x)

    def _generate_anchors(self, shapes, grid_size=0.05, dtype=torch.float32, device="cpu", eps=1e-2):
        """Generates anchor bounding boxes for given shapes with specific grid size and validates them."""
        anchors = []
        for i, (h, w) in enumerate(shapes):
            sy = torch.arange(end=h, dtype=dtype, device=device)
            sx = torch.arange(end=w, dtype=dtype, device=device)
            grid_y, grid_x = torch.meshgrid(sy, sx, indexing="ij") if TORCH_1_10 else torch.meshgrid(sy, sx)
            grid_xy = torch.stack([grid_x, grid_y], -1)  # (h, w, 2)

            valid_WH = torch.tensor([w, h], dtype=dtype, device=device)
            grid_xy = (grid_xy.unsqueeze(0) + 0.5) / valid_WH  # (1, h, w, 2)
            wh = torch.ones_like(grid_xy, dtype=dtype, device=device) * grid_size * (2.0**i)
            anchors.append(torch.cat([grid_xy, wh], -1).view(-1, h * w, 4))  # (1, h*w, 4)

        anchors = torch.cat(anchors, 1)  # (1, h*w*nl, 4)
        valid_mask = ((anchors > eps) * (anchors < 1 - eps)).all(-1, keepdim=True)  # 1, h*w*nl, 1
        anchors = torch.log(anchors / (1 - anchors))
        anchors = anchors.masked_fill(~valid_mask, float("inf"))
        return anchors, valid_mask

    def _get_encoder_input(self, x):
        """Processes and returns encoder inputs by getting projection features from input and concatenating them."""
        # Get projection features
        x = [self.input_proj[i](feat) for i, feat in enumerate(x)]
        # Get encoder inputs
        feats = []
        shapes = []
        for feat in x:
            h, w = feat.shape[2:]
            # [b, c, h, w] -> [b, h*w, c]
            feats.append(feat.flatten(2).permute(0, 2, 1))
            # [nl, 2]
            shapes.append([h, w])

        # [b, h*w, c]
        feats = torch.cat(feats, 1)
        return feats, shapes

    def _get_decoder_input(self, feats, shapes, dn_embed=None, dn_bbox=None):
        """Generates and prepares the input required for the decoder from the provided features and shapes."""
        bs = feats.shape[0]
        # Prepare input for decoder
        anchors, valid_mask = self._generate_anchors(shapes, dtype=feats.dtype, device=feats.device)
        features = self.enc_output(valid_mask * feats)  # bs, h*w, 256

        enc_outputs_scores = self.enc_score_head(features)  # (bs, h*w, nc)

        # Query selection
        # (bs, num_queries)
        topk_ind = torch.topk(enc_outputs_scores.max(-1).values, self.num_queries, dim=1).indices.view(-1)
        # (bs, num_queries)
        batch_ind = torch.arange(end=bs, dtype=topk_ind.dtype).unsqueeze(-1).repeat(1, self.num_queries).view(-1)

        # (bs, num_queries, 256)
        top_k_features = features[batch_ind, topk_ind].view(bs, self.num_queries, -1)
        # (bs, num_queries, 4)
        top_k_anchors = anchors[:, topk_ind].view(bs, self.num_queries, -1)

        # Dynamic anchors + static content
        refer_bbox = self.enc_bbox_head(top_k_features) + top_k_anchors

        enc_bboxes = refer_bbox.sigmoid()
        if dn_bbox is not None:
            refer_bbox = torch.cat([dn_bbox, refer_bbox], 1)
        enc_scores = enc_outputs_scores[batch_ind, topk_ind].view(bs, self.num_queries, -1)

        embeddings = self.tgt_embed.weight.unsqueeze(0).repeat(bs, 1, 1) if self.learnt_init_query else top_k_features
        if self.training:
            refer_bbox = refer_bbox.detach()
            if not self.learnt_init_query:
                embeddings = embeddings.detach()
        if dn_embed is not None:
            embeddings = torch.cat([dn_embed, embeddings], 1)

        return embeddings, refer_bbox, enc_bboxes, enc_scores

    # TODO
    def _reset_parameters(self):
        """Initializes or resets the parameters of the model's various components with predefined weights and biases."""
        # Class and bbox head init
        bias_cls = bias_init_with_prob(0.01) / 80 * self.nc
        # NOTE: the weight initialization in `linear_init` would cause NaN when training with custom datasets.
        # linear_init(self.enc_score_head)
        constant_(self.enc_score_head.bias, bias_cls)
        constant_(self.enc_bbox_head.layers[-1].weight, 0.0)
        constant_(self.enc_bbox_head.layers[-1].bias, 0.0)
        for cls_, reg_ in zip(self.dec_score_head, self.dec_bbox_head):
            # linear_init(cls_)
            constant_(cls_.bias, bias_cls)
            constant_(reg_.layers[-1].weight, 0.0)
            constant_(reg_.layers[-1].bias, 0.0)

        linear_init(self.enc_output[0])
        xavier_uniform_(self.enc_output[0].weight)
        if self.learnt_init_query:
            xavier_uniform_(self.tgt_embed.weight)
        xavier_uniform_(self.query_pos_head.layers[0].weight)
        xavier_uniform_(self.query_pos_head.layers[1].weight)
        for layer in self.input_proj:
            xavier_uniform_(layer[0].weight)

__init__(nc=80, ch=(512, 1024, 2048), hd=256, nq=300, ndp=4, nh=8, ndl=6, d_ffn=1024, dropout=0.0, act=nn.ReLU(), eval_idx=-1, nd=100, label_noise_ratio=0.5, box_noise_scale=1.0, learnt_init_query=False)

Inicializa o módulo RTDETRDecoder com os parâmetros fornecidos.

Parâmetros:

Nome Tipo Descrição Predefinição
nc int

Número de classes. A predefinição é 80.

80
ch tuple

Canais nos mapas de características do backbone. A predefinição é (512, 1024, 2048).

(512, 1024, 2048)
hd int

Dimensão das camadas ocultas. A predefinição é 256.

256
nq int

Número de pontos de consulta. A predefinição é 300.

300
ndp int

Número de pontos do descodificador. A predefinição é 4.

4
nh int

Número de cabeças no caso de atenção com várias cabeças. A predefinição é 8.

8
ndl int

Número de camadas do descodificador. A predefinição é 6.

6
d_ffn int

Dimensão das redes feed-forward. A predefinição é 1024.

1024
dropout float

Taxa de desistência. A predefinição é 0.

0.0
act Module

Função de ativação. A predefinição é nn.ReLU.

ReLU()
eval_idx int

Índice de avaliação. A predefinição é -1.

-1
nd int

Número de reduções de ruído. A predefinição é 100.

100
label_noise_ratio float

Relação de ruído da etiqueta. A predefinição é 0,5.

0.5
box_noise_scale float

Escala de ruído da caixa. A predefinição é 1,0.

1.0
learnt_init_query bool

Se deves aprender os embeddings iniciais da consulta. A predefinição é Falso.

False
Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def __init__(
    self,
    nc=80,
    ch=(512, 1024, 2048),
    hd=256,  # hidden dim
    nq=300,  # num queries
    ndp=4,  # num decoder points
    nh=8,  # num head
    ndl=6,  # num decoder layers
    d_ffn=1024,  # dim of feedforward
    dropout=0.0,
    act=nn.ReLU(),
    eval_idx=-1,
    # Training args
    nd=100,  # num denoising
    label_noise_ratio=0.5,
    box_noise_scale=1.0,
    learnt_init_query=False,
):
    """
    Initializes the RTDETRDecoder module with the given parameters.

    Args:
        nc (int): Number of classes. Default is 80.
        ch (tuple): Channels in the backbone feature maps. Default is (512, 1024, 2048).
        hd (int): Dimension of hidden layers. Default is 256.
        nq (int): Number of query points. Default is 300.
        ndp (int): Number of decoder points. Default is 4.
        nh (int): Number of heads in multi-head attention. Default is 8.
        ndl (int): Number of decoder layers. Default is 6.
        d_ffn (int): Dimension of the feed-forward networks. Default is 1024.
        dropout (float): Dropout rate. Default is 0.
        act (nn.Module): Activation function. Default is nn.ReLU.
        eval_idx (int): Evaluation index. Default is -1.
        nd (int): Number of denoising. Default is 100.
        label_noise_ratio (float): Label noise ratio. Default is 0.5.
        box_noise_scale (float): Box noise scale. Default is 1.0.
        learnt_init_query (bool): Whether to learn initial query embeddings. Default is False.
    """
    super().__init__()
    self.hidden_dim = hd
    self.nhead = nh
    self.nl = len(ch)  # num level
    self.nc = nc
    self.num_queries = nq
    self.num_decoder_layers = ndl

    # Backbone feature projection
    self.input_proj = nn.ModuleList(nn.Sequential(nn.Conv2d(x, hd, 1, bias=False), nn.BatchNorm2d(hd)) for x in ch)
    # NOTE: simplified version but it's not consistent with .pt weights.
    # self.input_proj = nn.ModuleList(Conv(x, hd, act=False) for x in ch)

    # Transformer module
    decoder_layer = DeformableTransformerDecoderLayer(hd, nh, d_ffn, dropout, act, self.nl, ndp)
    self.decoder = DeformableTransformerDecoder(hd, decoder_layer, ndl, eval_idx)

    # Denoising part
    self.denoising_class_embed = nn.Embedding(nc, hd)
    self.num_denoising = nd
    self.label_noise_ratio = label_noise_ratio
    self.box_noise_scale = box_noise_scale

    # Decoder embedding
    self.learnt_init_query = learnt_init_query
    if learnt_init_query:
        self.tgt_embed = nn.Embedding(nq, hd)
    self.query_pos_head = MLP(4, 2 * hd, hd, num_layers=2)

    # Encoder head
    self.enc_output = nn.Sequential(nn.Linear(hd, hd), nn.LayerNorm(hd))
    self.enc_score_head = nn.Linear(hd, nc)
    self.enc_bbox_head = MLP(hd, hd, 4, num_layers=3)

    # Decoder head
    self.dec_score_head = nn.ModuleList([nn.Linear(hd, nc) for _ in range(ndl)])
    self.dec_bbox_head = nn.ModuleList([MLP(hd, hd, 4, num_layers=3) for _ in range(ndl)])

    self._reset_parameters()

forward(x, batch=None)

Executa a passagem para a frente do módulo, devolvendo a caixa delimitadora e as pontuações de classificação para a entrada.

Código fonte em ultralytics/nn/modules/head.py
def forward(self, x, batch=None):
    """Runs the forward pass of the module, returning bounding box and classification scores for the input."""
    from ultralytics.models.utils.ops import get_cdn_group

    # Input projection and embedding
    feats, shapes = self._get_encoder_input(x)

    # Prepare denoising training
    dn_embed, dn_bbox, attn_mask, dn_meta = get_cdn_group(
        batch,
        self.nc,
        self.num_queries,
        self.denoising_class_embed.weight,
        self.num_denoising,
        self.label_noise_ratio,
        self.box_noise_scale,
        self.training,
    )

    embed, refer_bbox, enc_bboxes, enc_scores = self._get_decoder_input(feats, shapes, dn_embed, dn_bbox)

    # Decoder
    dec_bboxes, dec_scores = self.decoder(
        embed,
        refer_bbox,
        feats,
        shapes,
        self.dec_bbox_head,
        self.dec_score_head,
        self.query_pos_head,
        attn_mask=attn_mask,
    )
    x = dec_bboxes, dec_scores, enc_bboxes, enc_scores, dn_meta
    if self.training:
        return x
    # (bs, 300, 4+nc)
    y = torch.cat((dec_bboxes.squeeze(0), dec_scores.squeeze(0).sigmoid()), -1)
    return y if self.export else (y, x)





Criado em 2023-11-12, Atualizado em 2024-01-05
Autores: glenn-jocher (4)