Skip to content

Classification

Image classification is the simplest of the three tasks and involves classifying an entire image into one of a set of predefined classes.

The output of an image classifier is a single class label and a confidence score. Image classification is useful when you need to know only what class an image belongs to and don't need to know where objects of that class are located or what their exact shape is.

Tip

YOLOv8 classification models use the -cls suffix, i.e. yolov8n-cls.pt and are pretrained on ImageNet.

Models

Train

Train YOLOv8n-cls on the MNIST160 dataset for 100 epochs at image size 64. For a full list of available arguments see the Configuration page.

from ultralytics import YOLO

# Load a model
model = YOLO("yolov8n-cls.yaml")  # build a new model from scratch
model = YOLO("yolov8n-cls.pt")  # load a pretrained model (recommended for training)

# Train the model
results = model.train(data="mnist160", epochs=100, imgsz=64)
yolo classify train data=mnist160 model=yolov8n-cls.pt epochs=100 imgsz=64

Val

Validate trained YOLOv8n-cls model accuracy on the MNIST160 dataset. No argument need to passed as the model retains it's training data and arguments as model attributes.

from ultralytics import YOLO

# Load a model
model = YOLO("yolov8n-cls.pt")  # load an official model
model = YOLO("path/to/best.pt")  # load a custom model

# Validate the model
results = model.val()  # no arguments needed, dataset and settings remembered
yolo classify val model=yolov8n-cls.pt  # val official model
yolo classify val model=path/to/best.pt  # val custom model

Predict

Use a trained YOLOv8n-cls model to run predictions on images.

from ultralytics import YOLO

# Load a model
model = YOLO("yolov8n-cls.pt")  # load an official model
model = YOLO("path/to/best.pt")  # load a custom model

# Predict with the model
results = model("https://ultralytics.com/images/bus.jpg")  # predict on an image
yolo classify predict model=yolov8n-cls.pt source="https://ultralytics.com/images/bus.jpg"  # predict with official model
yolo classify predict model=path/to/best.pt source="https://ultralytics.com/images/bus.jpg"  # predict with custom model

Export

Export a YOLOv8n-cls model to a different format like ONNX, CoreML, etc.

from ultralytics import YOLO

# Load a model
model = YOLO("yolov8n-cls.pt")  # load an official model
model = YOLO("path/to/best.pt")  # load a custom trained

# Export the model
model.export(format="onnx")
yolo export model=yolov8n-cls.pt format=onnx  # export official model
yolo export model=path/to/best.pt format=onnx  # export custom trained model

Available YOLOv8-cls export formats include:

Format format= Model
PyTorch - yolov8n-cls.pt
TorchScript torchscript yolov8n-cls.torchscript
ONNX onnx yolov8n-cls.onnx
OpenVINO openvino yolov8n-cls_openvino_model/
TensorRT engine yolov8n-cls.engine
CoreML coreml yolov8n-cls.mlmodel
TensorFlow SavedModel saved_model yolov8n-cls_saved_model/
TensorFlow GraphDef pb yolov8n-cls.pb
TensorFlow Lite tflite yolov8n-cls.tflite
TensorFlow Edge TPU edgetpu yolov8n-cls_edgetpu.tflite
TensorFlow.js tfjs yolov8n-cls_web_model/
PaddlePaddle paddle yolov8n-cls_paddle_model/